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ADP, ATP

ADP, ATP

ATP is the main source of energy for cells.

Bioloģija

Atslēgvārdi

ADP, ATP, adenozīndifosfāts, adenozīna trifosfāts, enerģijas uzglabāšanas molekula, enerģijas transporta molekula, nukleotīds, vielmaiņas procesi, makroergobligācija, riboze, adenīns, fosfāts, Bioloģija, bioķīmija, ķīmija

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Beta-D-ribose (C₅H₁₀O₅)

A crystalline compound found in nucleic acids, coenzymes, nucleotides and nucleosides.

Phosphate ion (PO₄³⁻)

A compound ion formed when a phosphoric acid molecule releases a proton.

Phosphoric acid (H₃PO₄)

It is also used as a food additive, limescale and rust remover.

Purine (C₅H₄N₄)

A heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, its derivatives include guanine and adenine.

Coenzyme A

An acyl-carrier coenzyme taking part in both anabolic and catabolic processes.

NAD⁺, NADP⁺, NADPH

NAD⁺ is a coenzyme that plays an important role mainly in catabolic processes, while NADP is important in anabolic processes as hydrogen carriers.

D-ribose (C₅H₁₀O₅)

The open-chain version of ribose, which occurs naturally in nucleic acids, coenzymes, nucleotides and nucleosides.

Enzymes

Enzymes are protein molecules catalysing biochemical reactions. Their activity can be regulated.

Photosynthesis

Plants are capable of converting inorganic substances (carbon dioxide and water) into organic sugar.

Photosynthesis (basic)

Plants are capable of converting inorganic substances (carbon dioxide and water) into organic sugar.

Transport processes

This animation explains active and passive transport processes occurring through cell membranes

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