Folding (advanced)

Lateral compressive forces cause rocks to form folds. This is how fold mountains are formed.

Carbon cycle

Carbon is bound in organic substances during photosynthesis, while during breathing, it...

Greenhouse effect

Human activity increases the greenhouse effect and leads to global warming.

The Sun's path above the major circles of latitude

The apparent movement of the Sun is caused by the Earth's rotation around its axis.

Ozone layer

The ozone layer filters the Sun´s harmful UV radiation, therefore it is indispensable for...

The Earth’s magnetic field

The Earth’s magnetic North and South poles are located near the geographic North and...

Atmospheric circulation

The difference between the temperature of the polar and equatorial zones causes...

Tide

The rise and drop of sea levels caused by the gravitational force of the Moon.

Formation of stratovolcanoes

Stratovolcanoes consist of layers of volcanic ash, debris and lava.

Mid-latitude cyclone and anticyclone

Cyclones are large areas of circulating air with clouds and precipitation being formed in...

Climate zones

The Earth is divided into geographical and climatic zones, which result in the zonation...

Aeolian landforms on coasts and steppes

Wind, as an external force, plays an important role in shaping coastal areas and steppes.

Seafloor map

The boundaries of tectonic plates can be seen on the seafloor.

Topography of the Earth

The animation presents the largest mountains, plains, rivers, lakes and deserts of the Earth.

Types of soil (soil profiles)

This animation demonstrates different types of soil.

Warm front, cold front

Cold and warm fronts are formed where bodies of cold and warm air meet.

Nitrogen cycle

Atmospherical nitrogen is bound by bacteria and used by living organisms in the form of...

Underground waters

Groundwater and aquifers are types of underground waters.

El Niño

A periodic climate pattern that occurs across the tropical Pacific Ocean every five years.

Waterfall

Waterfalls form where the river flows over a steep precipice in its course.

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