Tornadoes

Short-lived but extremely powerful tornadoes can cause a great deal of damage.

Volcanic activity

This animation demonstrates different types of volcanic eruptions

Icebergs

Icebergs are small or large blocks of frozen freshwater floating in the sea.

Deep Sea Hydrothermal Vents

A hydrothermal vent is a fissure in the planet's surface from which geothermally heated...

Lightning

Lightning is a sudden electrostatic discharge accompanied by a sound known as thunder.

The water cycle (intermediate)

Water on Earth is in a continuous state of change. The water cycle includes processes...

Tsunami

Tsunami waves are very high waves of immense destructive power.

Ocean currents

The Great ocean conveyor is a planet-wide system of ocean currents, which has a great...

Cloud formation, types of clouds

Evaporating surface water forms clouds of various shapes from which water falls back to...

Hotspots

Hotspots are areas of the Earth´s crust where magma often rises to the surface and causes...

Rivers and landforms

Rivers play an important role in shaping the Earth's surface: they cause erosion as well...

Layers of the ocean

Physical properties, as well as the flora and fauna of the ocean change with depth.

Tectonic plates

Tectonic plates can move in relation to each other.

How do seas shape the Earth's surface?

Seawater, as an external force, plays an important role in shaping coastlines.

Earthquake

An earthquake is one of the most devastating natural phenomena.

Aeolian landforms in deserts

Wind, as an external force, plays an important role in shaping deserts.

Altitudinal zonation

In mountainous areas the climate, soil properties, the flora and fauna change depending...

The development of lakes

Standing bodies of water can form in depressions on the surface by both endogenic and...

Faulting (intermediate)

Vertical forces can break up layers of rock into fault blocks, which then move vertically...

Terms of physical geography

This animation demonstrates the most important relief features, surface waters and their...

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