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Butane (C₄H₁₀)

Butane (C₄H₁₀)

The fourth member in the homologous series of alkanes.

Химия

Этикеткалар

butane, saturated hydrocarbon, alkane, paraffin, homologous series, constitutional isomerism, single bond, covalent bond, sigma bond, open chain, isomer, natural gas, LPG, organic chemistry, химия

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Alkanes

Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons which can be organised into a homologous series.

Trans-2-butene (C₄H₈)

A colourless, heavier-than-air gas. Its geometric isomer is cis-2-butene.

1-butanol (C₄H₁₀O)

A 4-carbon alcohol commonly used as a solvent.

2-methylbutane (C₅H₁₂)

One of the isomers of pentane, used as a solvent.

Cis-2-butene (C₄H₈)

A colourless, heavier-than-air gas. Its geometric isomer is trans-2-butene.

Cyclohexane (C₆H₁₂)

A colourless liquid, easily solved by organic solvents but not by water.

Cyclopentane (C₅H₁₀)

Member of the cycloalkane homologous series.

Ethane (C₂H₆)

The second member in the homologous series of straight-chain alkanes.

Hexane (C₆H₁₄)

The sixth member in the homologous series of straight-chain alkanes.

Isoprene (2-methyl-1,3-butadiene) (C₅H₈)

Synthetic rubber is produced by the polymerisation of isoprene.

Pentane (C₅H₁₂)

The fifth member in the alkane homologous series. A colourless, combustible liquid.

Propane (C₃H₈)

The third member in the homologous series of straight-chain alkanes.

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