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Purine (C₅H₄N₄)

Purine (C₅H₄N₄)

A heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, its derivatives include guanine and adenine.

Kemia

Asiasanat

puriini, typpipitoista orgaanista yhdistettä, heterosyklinen yhdiste, heteroatomi, puriini luuranko, guaniini, adeniini, DNA-, nukleiinihappo, nukleotidin, RNA, peruspari, kofeiini, teofylliini, Virtsahappo, pyrimidiiniä, imidatsoli, orgaaninen kemia, Kemia, Biologia, biokemia

Liittyviä ekstroja

ADP ja ATP

ATP eli adenosiinitrifosfaatti on solujen tärkein energianlähde.

DNA

DNA eli deoksiribonukleiinihappo sisältää solun perinnöllisen informaation.

NAD⁺, NADP⁺, NADPH

NAD⁺ is a coenzyme that plays an important role mainly in catabolic processes, while NADP is important in anabolic processes as hydrogen carriers.

Perimäaineksen rakenne

Ihmisen solujen tuhannesosamillimetrin kokoiseen tumaan mahtuu lähes kaksi metriä moninkertaisesti kiertynyttä DNA:ta.

RNA

A polynucleotid made up of phosphoric acid, ribose, and nucleobases (cytosine, uracil, adenine and guanine).

2-deoxy-beta-D-ribose (C₅H₁₀O₄)

A component of DNA, it contains one less hydroxyl group than β-D-ribose.

Tardigrade

Tardigrades can survive in extreme environments, they can even stay alive in outer space.

Beta-D-ribose (C₅H₁₀O₅)

A crystalline compound found in nucleic acids, coenzymes, nucleotides and nucleosides.

Coenzyme A

An acyl-carrier coenzyme taking part in both anabolic and catabolic processes.

Imidazole (C₃H₄N₂)

A biologically and practically important organic compound.

Pyrimidine (C₄H₄N₂)

A heterocyclic organic compound, its derivatives are thymine, cytosine and uracil.

Pyrrole (C₄H₅N)

A heterocyclic organic compound.

Tryptophan

One of the 20 amino acids that make up proteins. It contains an aromatic ring as part of its side chain.

Molecule exercise VII (Organic nitrogen compounds)

An exercise about the groups and structure of organic nitrogen compounds.

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