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Yuri Gagarin’s journey to outer space (1961)

Yuri Gagarin’s journey to outer space (1961)

Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space on April 12, 1961.

History

Keywords

Gagarin, space flight, outer space, space research, spacecraft, Space Race, space cabin, rocket, Vostok 1, Baikonur, Soviet, Cold War, trajectory, weightlessness, USA, Soviet Union, gravitation

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Questions

  • Is it true that Gagarin used his own parachute in the final phase of landing in 1961?
  • Is it true that the Soviet Union overtook the USA in the race to send humans into space?
  • What does 'Vostok' mean?
  • How old was Gagarin when he died?
  • Is it true that Gagarin was the first human to leave the Earth’s atmosphere?
  • Is it true that no living creature left the Earth’s atmosphere before Gagarin?
  • Which Soviet leader greeted Gagarin after his journey?
  • How old was Gagarin at the time of his flight in 1961?
  • Where was Gagarin’s spacecraft launched from?
  • How did Gagarin die?
  • How much time did Gagarin spend in space during his journey in 1961?
  • What was Gagarin’s original profession?
  • What was the name of the spacecraft Gagarin piloted during the mission?
  • What was the name of the Soviet Space center at the time of Gagarin’s flight?
  • Which program was announced by U.S. President John F. Kennedy after Gagarin’s flight?
  • How long did the launch procedure of Gagarin’s spacecraft take?
  • What was the name of Gagarin’s space suit?
  • What shape was the orbit of Gagarin’s spacecraft?
  • When did Gagarin’s first space flight take place?
  • Who was the first human to travel in space?
  • How many times did Gagarin fly in space?
  • How many orbits did Gagarin complete around the Earth during his journey in 1961?

Scenes

On the launch pad

  • launch pad
  • spacecraft
  • engine
  • acceleration stage
  • first stage
  • second stage

The launch

Vostok 1

  • space cabin
  • gas balloons of the orientation system
  • service module
  • engine
  • antennas

Inside

Space cabin

  • catapult seat
  • optical aiming device

Gagarin

Animation

Narration

During the Cold War, the Soviet Union and the U.S., the two superpowers, were in competition in almost all fields of endeavor. Space technology played an especially important role in this competition. What American leaders had feared, finally happened in 1961: the Soviets sent the first man into outer space.

This great task was assigned to Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin, a 27-year-old fighter pilot. Gagarin started his journey from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in present-day Kazakhstan aboard the Vostok 1 on April 12, 1961. A few minutes later, he became the first cosmonaut: the first human to leave the Earth’s atmosphere. His mission was a first in many respects: the first radio conversation from outer space, the first experience of zero gravity, etc.
According to records, the flight took 108 minutes. In this time, Gagarin’s spacecraft completed one orbit around the Earth.

He was greeted by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev after landing, and news of his journey spread all over the world. A few years later, Gagarin died in a plane crash, with many details of the circumstances still unexplained. But his name and the chronicle of his journey have been recorded in the history books.

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