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Wooly mammoth

Wooly mammoth

Extinct proboscidea closely related to today's elephants, often hunted by prehistoric man.

Biology

Keywords

mammoth, fossil, extinct, ice age, Pleistocene, cave drawing, calf, trunk, tusk, herbivore, vertebrates, mammal, animal, biology

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Scenes

Wooly mammoths

  • 4-5-meter (13.12-16.4-feet) long tusk
  • shaggy, 50-centimeter (19.69-inches) long fur
  • shoulder height: 4.2 meter (13.78 feet)

  • - Long, pointed incisors. Both male and female mammoths had this feature. They could reach a length up to 5 meters (16.4 feet).

  • 4-5-meter (13.12-16.4-feet) long tusk
  • shaggy, 50-centimeter (19.69-inches) long fur
  • shoulder height: 4.2 meter (13.78 feet)

Narration

Wooly mammoths were a species within the family Elephantidae that appeared around 135,000 years ago. These animals could be called the contemporaries of ice age humans. Our ancestors immortalized their characteristic shapes in cave drawings; they also carved their figures in stones, bones or tusks.

The extinction of the wooly mammoths 10,000 years ago is attributed to their overhunting by our ancestors and rapid warming. Relatively much is known about them, as many specimens have been found in excellent condition trapped under the ice fields of Siberia.

These mammoths were about as large as today's African elephants. Their bodies were covered in thick coats; their small ears reduced heat loss. Both males and females had tusks. These herbivorous animals spent 14-20 hours a day eating, consuming around 200 kilograms (440.9 pounds) of food and 180 liters (47.55 gallons) of water.

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