Your cart is empty


Quantity: 0

Total: 0,00


West Indian Ocean coelacanth

West Indian Ocean coelacanth

Living fossil, important stage in the evolution of tetrapods.



Latimeria, coelacanth, West Indian Ocean coelacanth, prehistoric creature, fossil, living fossil, homology, abyssal, animal, fishes, fish, vertebrates, predator, biology

Related items


The West Indian Ocean coelacanth is one of two extant species of the coelacanth order, which was formerly believed to be extinct. It was discovered in 1938. It is mostly found in the Indian ocean, along the east coast of Africa, in a depth of about 150-700 m (492.1-2,297 ft). Its body length may reach 2 m (6.56 ft), its mass about 95 kg (209.4 lb). It is a predatory fish. Its paired fins have muscular lobes at base and contain bones.

The ancestors of amphibians evolved from ancient coelacanths in the Devonian period (416–359 million years ago). During the evolution the pectoral fin of the coelacanth became adapted to moving on dry land, thus the animal became able to leave the water for short periods of time.

Later the pectoral and ventral fins evolved into legs. The steps of this process is proved by a large number of fossils. The limbs of tetrapods (four-limbed terrestrial vertebrates) are homologous with the pectoral and ventral fins of coelacanths: they have evolved from the same ancestors. Ancient coeltacanths are the ancestors of all present-day terrestrial vertebrates (including humans) and the extant coelacanth species. Coelacanths are considered ´living fossils´ due to the lack of significant changes over the past millions of years and no close relatives.

  • lenght: 1.5 - 2 m (4.92 - 6.56 ft)
  • weight: about 80 kg (176.4 lb)

Related items


A prehistoric amphibian and an early representative of the Tetrapods, which became extinct 360 million years ago.


A transitional form between fish and tetrapods, or four-limbed vertebrates.


This bizarre-looking fish uses its bioluminescent lure to catch its prey. The animation explains how it works.


Long-necked herbivorous dinosaur with a robust body.

Common carp

Freshwater fish used as food in many parts of the world.

Darwin's legendary voyage

Darwin's legendary voyage aboard HMS Beagle played a crucial role in the development of the Theory of Evolution.

Edible frog

This animation demonstrates the anatomy of amphibians through the example of a common species of frogs.

Freshwater fishes

Many freshwater fishes are also popular as food.


Fish-like marine dinosaurs which resembled dolphins; a good example of convergent evolution.

Prehistoric armored fishes

Extinct species of fish which had thick ´armor´ protecting the head.

Pteranodon longiceps

A prehistoric flying reptile, similar to birds. However, there is no direct evolutionary link between the two.


A group of fish characterized by a cartilaginous skeleton, well-known species include the great white shark and the hammerhead shark.

Timeline spiral

Place historical events on the time spiral.

Tyrannosaurus rex ‘tyrant lizard’

Large carnivores, perhaps the best known of dinosaurs.


A type of herbivorous dinosaur easily recognizable by its large frill and three horns which lived in the Cretaceous period.


The ancestors of Arachnida and Crustacea belonged to the class Trilobita.


The archaeopteryx shows characteristics of both birds and reptiles. It is probably the ancestor of birds.

Vertebrate brain evolution

During the evolution of vertebrates the relative development of brain areas has changed.

Added to your cart.