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The animation presents the main air, water and land routes and transport hubs.
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Currently, Europe has the highest road network density in the world. It is the most widespread form of transport due to its flexibility whether moving people or goods.
Advantages: speed, flexible routes, door-to-door delivery; it allows for the movement of goods in areas which rail transport cannot reach.
Disadvantages: environmental pollution, high energy and labor demand, limited weight and size of transported goods, traffic congestion.
Hubs: London, Paris, Munich, Moscow.
Among the continents, Europe has an integrated and dense railway network. Railways are generally the core transport network of a country even though the proportion of rail transport is not the highest in certain countries' transport system.
Advantages: transporting heavy and large cargoes and large number of passengers, environmentally friendly, reliable (scheduled freight and passenger traffic), safe (closed system)
Disadvantages: no door-to-door delivery (fixed tracks), uneconomical over short distances, not available everywhere, high construction costs.
Hubs: Paris, Hamburg, Zurich, Rome
High-speed trains: traveling over 200 km/h (124 mph). The Shinkansen, the Japanese high-speed railway has been operating since 1964. Construction of high-speed railways in Europe only started in the 1980s. High-speed trains can compete with airplanes if the destination is within 1,000 km (621 mi) of the starting point, since getting to the airport, check-in and luggage handling requires additional time, which can take longer than the flight itself over such distances.
Water transport is one of the oldest forms of transport which also evolved in ancient times with the development of coastal shipping. Today, water transport is characterized by the dominance of cargo ships which carry heavy freight to vast distances.
Advantages: able to carry the heaviest cargoes, favorable prices, relatively low energy consumption.
Disadvantages: slow (only goods that will maintain their quality over a long period of time can be transported by ships); depends on the weather.
Hubs (in order of magnitude of freight traffic): Ningbo, Beijing, Singapore, Rotterdam, Amsterdam.
Transport is of vital importance in today's society, as we are constantly on the move; most products are also transported from different parts of the world. Therefore, transport is characterized by the movement of people and goods, and there are numerous forms of transport that include road, rail, water, air and pipeline.
The very first roads were built in ancient times as the cultivation of land and animal husbandry developed. This also represented the beginning of trade. Transport as we know it today developed with the building of paved roads and the invention of motor vehicles. Currently, Europe has the highest road network density in the world, and the most widespread form of transport is road transport due to its flexibility.
Europe has an integrated and dense railway network compared to other continents. The first railway line in the world, the Stockton and Darlington railroad, opened in 1825 in the North East region of England. Railways are generally the core of transport networks even though the proportion of rail transport is not the highest in some countries' transport systems.
Building high-speed railway tracks and integrating them with other forms of freight transport make rail transport very competitive. The busiest transport hubs in Europe are Paris, Hamburg and Zurich.
Water transport is one of the oldest forms of transport, which also evolved in ancient times with the development of coastal shipping. The building of the Suez Canal, in the mid-19th century, and later the Panama Canal, in the early 20th century, were decisive factors in the advancement of shipping. Nowadays, water transport is characterized by the dominance of cargo ships, which carry heavy cargoes vast distances. The most significant ports in the world are in Southeast Asia and the Benelux States.
The development of air transport began with the first powered flight of the Wright brothers in 1903; however, its importance has only increased since World War II. Even though the proportion of cargo flights is constantly increasing, especially when it comes to expensive goods, the key role of air transport still lies in carrying passengers. The busiest airports in the world are in Atlanta, Beijing and London.
Liquids and gases are transported in pipelines. Gas and oil pipelines are the most important of these. The first pipeline was built in Pennsylvania in the second half of the 19th century, but pipeline transport has only gained ground since the 1960s with the widespread use of oil and gas. The largest oil-producing countries are Russia, Saudi Arabia and the United States.
The largest gas-producing countries are the United States, Russia and Canada. Pipelines lead from the site of extraction to users or other transport networks, such as ports.
Airports provide infrastructure and services necessary for aviation.
Ports must provide necessary infrastructure and services for industry and marine transportation.
Commercial maritime routes of container ships form a global network.
Heavy trucks play an important role in transportation.
The double-decked, wide-bodied passenger aircraft can carry more then 500 passengers.
Buses play an important role in public transportation.
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The aircraft manufactured by the British de Haviland company was the world's first mass-produced commercial jetliner.
Trolleybuses and streetcars are environment-friendly means of public transportation
We can travel on dual carriageways on the highway.
This animation presents some interesting facts in social geography.
Physical properties, as well as the flora and fauna of the ocean change with depth.
Before the emergence of motorised vehicles, letters and packages were delivered by horse-drawn carriages.
Oil tankers appeared in the late 19th century; today they are among the largest ships.
The Benz Patent-Motorwagen is widely regarded as the first vehicle propelled by an internal combustion engine.
This animation presents the current refugee crisis from various points of view.
This animation explains the technology of shale gas extraction.
A game about sights around the world.
The fastest track-based means of urban transportation.
The animation offers a summary of the history of aviation from the Middle Ages.
The Panama Canal is an artificial waterway created to shorten shipping routes between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.
The Suez Canal is an artificial waterway connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.
The Troll A is an offshore natural gas platform, the largest offshore platform ever built: it rises about 170 meters (558 feet) above water level, weighs...
The products of oil refining include diesel oil, petrol and lubricants.
The train operates between Paris and southern Germany, its cruise speed is 320 km/h (199 mph).
The Channel Tunnel is a 50.5 km (31.4 mi) long railway tunnel between the United Kingdom and France, beneath the English Channel.
This animation demonstrates the development of freight transportation, from horse-drawn carts to modern trucks.
The purpose of the electricity supply network is to provide electricity for consumers.