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Titanic (1912)

Titanic (1912)

RMS Titanic was the largest passenger ship at the beginning of the 20th century.

Technology

Keywords

Titanic, watercraft, ocean liner, shipping, passenger carrier, luxury cruiser, disaster, lifeboat, iceberg, collision, propeller, captain's bridge, deck, White Star Line, transatlantic, wrecked ship, transportation, technology

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Questions

  • What was the draft of the Titanic?

Scenes

Enormous ship, enormous disaster

The RMS Titanic was the largest passenger ship at the beginning of the 20th century. She was an Olympic-class ocean liner, together with the RMS Olympic and RMS Gigantic (later renamed Britannic). She was commissioned by the British White Star Line company, to ensure their leading role in the transatlantic passenger transportation.
The ship's maiden voyage led from Southampton, England through Cherbourg, France and Queenstown, Ireland to New York. However, she could not reach her final destination. At 11:40 PM on April 14, 1912 she hit an iceberg and sank the next morning at 2:20 AM. Only about one third (705) of the 2,207 passengers aboard survived the catastrophe.
Two pieces of the ship's wreck were found on the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean, about 900 km (559.2 mi) off the shores of New Foundland, at a depth of 3,821 meters (12,536 ft). They were discovered by Robert Ballard in 1985.

The "killer" iceberg

The sinking Titanic

The floating Titan

A propeller is a type of fan that transmits power by converting rotational motion into thrust. It consists of blades regularly arranged around a hub.
The ship is moved by the thrust created by the propeller (forward or backward, depending on the direction of the rotation). Large ships have solid-blade propellers.
The power plant of the Titanic consisted of 29 boilers, two 4-cylinder steam engines and one steam turbine, which drove three bronze propellers (two 3-bladed and one 4-bladed). The power plant had an output of 50,000 hp and produced a speed of over 22 knots (40 km/h or 25.3 mph).

  • radio antenna

Luxury ship without lifeboats

The Titanic had 4 gigantic funnels and two masts, which made her as tall as an 11-story building. She was equipped with two 1,500 Watt Marconi radio telegraphs, the antennas of which were strung between the ship's masts.
The radio room, together with rooms playing important roles in navigation was at the front of the deck. The bridge was in front of the first funnel. The cranes used for loading and unloading the ship were also on the deck.
The severity of the catastrophe was also due to the fact that there were only 20 lifeboats on the ship (4 of which were collapsible), contrary to the original plans of having 64 of them. The reason for reducing their number was the lack of space and the claim that the ship was unsinkable.
Contemporary maritime regulations did not make it compulsory to carry enough lifeboats to save all the passengers and crew in the event of disaster. This had changed after the catastrophe.

The disaster in the news

The wreck of the ship

  • height: 53 m (173.9 ft)
  • mast height: 56 m (183.7 ft)
  • length: 269 m (882.55 ft)
  • beam: 28 m (91.9 ft)
  • draft: 10.5 m (34.5 ft)
  • length: 8 m (26.3 ft)
  • length: 25 m (82 ft)
  • length: 46 m (151 ft)

Features

The Titanic was built in Belfast, Northern Ireland by Harland and Wolff. It was 28 m (91.9 ft) wide and 269 m (882.5 ft) long at the waterline. The steel plates of the external shell were fastened by 3 million rivets. The ship weighed 53,147 tons.
The Titanic could carry 3,547 passengers. The hull was divided into several decks, which consisted of promenades, kitchens, dining rooms, cafés, salons and cabins. The facilities on the ship included a radio room, a post office, a Turkish bath, a gymnasium and a squash court. Elevators were provided to reach the different floors.

Narration

The Titanic was the largest passenger ship in the world at the beginning of the 20th century. This enormous ocean liner was designed by Thomas Andrews and built by Harland and Wolff in Belfast, in what is today Northern Ireland. Construction started in 1909, and the ship was launched in 1911. This pride of the White Star Line entered service in 1912.
She was nearly 30 m (98.4 ft) wide and 270 m (885.8 ft) long and weighed over 53 thousand tons. The steel plates of the external shell were fastened by about 3 million rivets.

The power plant of the Titanic consisted of 29 boilers, two 4-cylinder steam engines and one steam turbine, which drove three bronze propellers: two 3-bladed propellers on each side and a 4-bladed propeller in the center.
The turbines and steam engines had a combined output of 50,000 hp and produced a speed of over 22 knots (40 km/h or 24.8 mph).

The enormous hull was divided into several decks. The funnels and the masts holding the wires to the radio telegraph system were above the level of the upper deck. The communication system consisted of two individual Marconi radio telegraphs, and the captain's bridge was located in front of the first funnel.
The ship carried only 20 lifeboats, 4 of which were collapsible. The 3,500 passengers of the luxury ship were served by a crew of about 900.

The ship's maiden voyage was to lead from Southampton, England, through Cherbourg, France, and Queenstown (today Cobh, Ireland) to New York. However, at 11:40 PM on April 14, 1912 she hit an iceberg on the Atlantic Ocean, broke in two and sank two and a half hours later.
The total number of people who lost their lives in the disaster was 1,517 (or 1,494, according to certain sources). It is still the subject of much debate who was or were responsible for the loss of the Titanic. The tragedy has inspired numerous books, films and works of art over the decades since then.

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