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The human brain

The human brain

The main parts of the human brain are the brain stem, the cerebellum, the diencephalon, and the cerebrum.

Biology

Keywords

brain, cerebral cortex, cerebral hemisphere, cerebrum, cerebellum, medulla oblongata, mesencephalon, bridge, thalamus, frontal lobe, parietal lobe, pituitary gland, corpus callosum, temporal lobe, occipital lobe, spinal cord, spinal nerve, brain capacity, human, organ, biology

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Questions

  • Where is the center of the caughing reflex?
  • Where is the heat-regulating center of the brain?
  • Where is the center of the vomiting reflex?
  • Where is the center controlling the emotions of pain, joy, fear and anger?
  • Where do the paths connecting the hemispheres meet?
  • Where is the reflex center of blood pressure control?
  • Where is the center of thirst?
  • Where are the centers of breathing?
  • Where is the center of hunger and satiety?
  • Where is the center that coordinates the movements of skeletal muslces?
  • Where is the center of balance and coordination?
  • Where is the cortical center of somatosensory perception?
  • Where is the cortical center of hearing?
  • Where is the cortical center of vision?
  • Where is the cortical center of taste?

Scenes

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Parts of the human brain

The main parts of the human brain are the brain stem, the cerebellum, the diencephalon, and the cerebrum, which is divided into lobes.

Cortical organization of speech

Producing speech requires the synchronized operation of several cortical centers.

Nervous system

The central nervous system consists of the brain and the spinal cord, the peripheral nervous system consists of nerves and ganglia.

Anatomy of the spinal cord

The spinal cord is the part of the central nervous system running inside the spinal column from which spinal nerves branch out.

Bones of the lower limbs

Bones of the lower limbs are connected to the trunk by the pelvis.

Bones of the upper limbs

Bones of the upper limbs form the pectoral girdle and the arms.

Circulatory system

Systemic circulation carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the body, while pulmonary circulation carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart.

Human body (male)

This animation introduces the most important organ systems of the human body.

Hypothalamic-pituitary axis

The Hypothalamic-pituitary axis is the regulating center of our endocrine system.

Knee joint

The knee joint is made up by the femur, the tibia and the kneecap.

Limbic system

The limbic system plays an important role in forming emotions and in learning.

Medical conditions of the spine

Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a lateral deviation.

Middle ear infection, otitis media

This animation shows the symptoms and treatment of secretory otitis media.

Neurons, nervous tissue

Neurons are cells specialized for transmitting electric signals.

Patellar reflex

The reflex triggered by the stretching of the thigh extensor muscle is the patellar reflex.

Synaptic transmission

Neurons transmit electrical signals via chemical and electrical synapses.

The ear and the mechanism of hearing

The ear converts the vibrations of air into electric signals which are then processed by the brain.

The heart

The heart is the central pump of the cardiovascular system beating several billion times over our lifetime.

The sense organs

Organs that detect signals of the environment or of the body and transmit them to the brain as nerve impulses.

The skull and the spine

The two main parts of the central nervous system, the brain and the spinal cord are protected by the skull and the spinal column.

Types of bone articulations

Human bones are joined together by cartilaginous or synovial joints, sutures or they can fuse together.

The ventricular system and the main brain regions

This animation demonstrates the internal structure of the brain.

Vertebrate brain evolution

During the evolution of vertebrates the relative development of brain areas has changed.

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