Your cart is empty

Shop

Quantity: 0

Total: 0,00

0

Space Shuttle

Space Shuttle

The Space Shuttle was a manned, reusable spacecraft operated by NASA.

Geography

Keywords

space shuttle, space research, outer space, NASA, Endeavor, Columbia, Atlantis, planet, star, astronomy, geography

Related items

Scenes

  • maneuvering engine
  • stabilizer

Narration

NASA's Space Shuttle program was a manned launch vehicle program approved by President Richard Nixon in 1972. It was officially referred to as the Space Transportation System or STS.
Six space shuttles were built within the program. The first was Enterprise in 1976, which was not capable of space flight.
The youngest member of the fleet is Endeavour, first launched in 1992.
Since the first launch of Columbia, in 1981, a total of 135 launches were carried out within the program, which ended with the final landing of Atlantis in 2011.
Each launch was carried out at the Kennedy Space Center, in Florida.

The Space Shuttle consisted of four main components: a spaceplane, a large external fuel tank and two reusable booster rockets.
The reusable Solid Rocket Boosters carried 500 tons of solid fuel each and provided the lift-off thrust during the first two minutes of powered flight that the three engines of the spaceplane could not produce.
Shortly after leaving the launchpad, the Shuttle started a roll, pitch and yaw maneuver, the orbiter flew upside down, under the fuel tank during the ascent phase. This allowed uninterrupted radio contact with mission control.
The vehicle climbed in a progressively flattening arc, accelerating as the weight of the fuel tank decreased. At a height of 45 km (27.96 mi) the booster rockets automatically separated from the fuel tank and parachuted back into the Atlantic Ocean.

The liquid oxygen and hydrogen content of the external fuel tank was used by the main engines of the Shuttle during take-off.
Another important function of the tank was to provide structural stability for the vehicle, as the spaceplane and the two booster rockets were attached to it.
At a height of 130 km (80.78 mi), about 8.5 minutes after the launch the main engines were shut down, the fuel tank was released from the vehicle and it fell back to the atmosphere where it burnt.

The more than 37 m (121.4 ft) long Orbiter Vehicle had a wingspan of nearly 24 m (78.74 ft). Its fuselage consisted of three sections. The forward fuselage housed the cockpit and the crew cabin, which consisted of three decks. The mid fuselage contained the delta wings, the payload bay and the related equipment. The 15 m (49.21 ft) long multifunctional robot arm was carried in the payload bay.
The aft fuselage consisted of the orbital maneuvering systems, the three main engines and the body flap.

The orbital height of Endeavour varied between 185 and 643 km (115 and 399.5 mi). Its orbital speed was over 27 thousand km/h (16,780 mph). It spent more than 296 days in space on 25 missions with a maximum crew of 10, covered nearly 200 million km (124,300,000 mi) and completed 4,671 orbits around the Earth.

Related items

Hubble Space Telescope

The Hubble Space Telescope orbits outside the distorting influence of Earth´s atmosphere.

Interesting astronomy facts

This animation presents some interesting facts in the field of astronomy.

ISS

The International Space Station is a habitable satellite built with the cooperation of 16 countries.

Weightlessness

A spacecraft on its path is in a constant state of free fall.

Moon landing: July 20, 1969

Neil Armstrong, one of the crew members of Apollo 11 was the first man to set foot on the Moon.

Satellite types

Satellites orbiting the Earth can be used for civilian or military purposes.

The life-cycle of the Solar System

The formation of the Sun and the planets started with the contraction of a dust cloud about 4.5 billion years ago.

Voyager space probes

The Voyager space probes were the first man-made objects to leave the Solar System. They gather data about outer space and carry information about humanity.

Kepler´s laws of planetary motion

The three important laws describing planetary motion were formulated by Johannes Kepler.

Planets, sizes

The inner planets of the Solar System are terrestrial planets while the outer planets are gas giants.

Satellite navigation, GPS

The Global Positioning System consists of 24 satellites but only 4 have to be visible for positioning.

Sputnik 1 (1957)

The Soviet-made satellite was the first spacecraft to be launched into outer space (in October 1957).

The Dawn mission

Studying Ceres and Vesta will help us learn more about the early history of the Solar System and how rocky planets are formed.

The development of celestial mechanics

This animation introduces the studies of astronomers and physicists whose works fundamentally changed our view of the universe.

The New Horizons mission

The New Horizons space probe was launched in 2006, with the objective to study Pluto and the Kuiper Belt.

Mars Exploration Program

Space probes and Mars rovers examine the structure of Mars and possible traces of life.

Observatory

Observatories are often built at high elevations to minimize the effects of atmospheric turbulence

States and cities of the USA

This animation demonstrates the states and largest cities of the USA.

Yuri Gagarin’s journey to outer space (1961)

Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space on April 12, 1961.

Apollo 15 mission (Lunar Rover)

The animation shows the two-seater Lunar Rover used in the Apollo 15 mission

Fusion reactor

Nuclear fusion will serve as an environmentally friendly and practically unlimited source of energy.

Added to your cart.