Your cart is emptyShop
Christopher Columbus' three-masted carrack, the Santa Maria was the flagship of his first, landmark voyage.
Santa Maria, Christopher Columbus, America, flagship, lead ship, Niña, Pinta, carrack, indigenous people, New World, The Bahamas, Hispaniola, Lisbon, watercraft, shipping, deck, caravel, running aground, technology, history
On his first voyage (1492–1493) Christopher Columbus crossed the Atlantic Ocean (toward America) with three ships, two smaller caravels (Nina and Pinta), and the flagship, Santa Maria, a carrack (Columbus used the term "nao"). The original name of Santa Maria ("Holy Mary") was La Gallega ("The Galician"), probably because the wood (oak and pine) used for the construction of the ship came from the Galician forests. Her owner (and captain at the same time) was Juan de la Cosa.
The three-masted carrack was approximately 25 meters (82 feet) long and 8 meters (26.2 feet) wide; her carrying capacity was between 180 and 240 tons. The ship did not return to Europe, she ran aground near Haiti and was damaged beyond repair.
Columbus's voyages were supported by the Spanish royal couple, and he traveled in representation of the Christian world, as shown by the ensigns and symbols on the ship.
The carrack was a Portuguese sailing ship used for both military and commercial purposes in the 15th–16th centuries.
It was a popular ship type, it quickly spread all around Europe. This ship type (called "nao" in the 15th century) was constructed with two (or more) decks. The hull was not slim (generally 25–30 meters or 82–98.4 feet long and 8–10 meters or 26.2–32.8 feet wide); the bulging hull was narrowing upward and downward.
Carracks had a clipper-type bow and a transom stern. In the bow, there was a smaller, triangular superstructure, while in the stern a high superstructure could be found with more decks.
This type used to be constructed with two masts, then later with three. The mainmast in the middle of the hull and the foremast found in the bow were square-rigged, while the small mast in the stern was Latin-rigged. The topsail at the top of the mainmast (above the basket) and the bonnet below the foremast also appeared in the carrack.
The sailing ship Santa Maria was the flagship during Christopher Columbus's first voyage. La Gallega, that is, "The Galician," was the original name of the ship that rose to fame through the landmark journey of 1492. The name probably originates in Galicia, Northern Spain, where the ship was built. The owner of the ship was Juan de la Cosa. It was a three-masted carrack, approximately 25 meters (82 feet) long and 8 meters (26.2 feet) wide; with a cargo capacity of 180-240 tons. The squarish, capacious carrack is a Portuguese ship type that was used for both merchant and military purposes.
The deck consisted of several levels. During Columbus's voyage, the crew numbered 26 (including the discoverer of the New World and the owner).
Unfortunately, the Santa Maria, sailing under the Spanish flag, did not survive the world-famous journey. The ship ran aground near Haiti on Christmas Day in 1492.
Out of the fleet of three ships on the first voyage, Columbus then appointed one of the caravels, the Niña, as flagship, and returned to Spain aboard her the following year.
Legendary geographical discoveries at the beginning of the Modern Age had not only redrawn maps, but also had a truly diverse impact.
Spanish conquerors owed their success to their armor and firearms.
Several European countries joined the conquest of the New World, making America a colorful continent.
The Crow are Native Americans who inhabited the Yellowstone River valley.
Several ingenious instruments have been invented over the centuries to help in navigating the seas.
The migration of large human populations began in Ancient times.
These excellent shipbuilders and sailors traveled great distances on the seas and rivers.
The American bison is the largest land animal in North America.
The legendary city of the Mayan-Toltec Empire was located on the territory of present-day Mexico.
The colonizing powers´ colors were wiped off the map by the nations fighting to regain their independence.
English sailing ships were among the best ships in the 17th-19th centuries.
The animation shows the forms of government and official languages of the world´s countries.
The ancient Inca city, located in present-day Peru, is a World Heritage Site.
Numerous legendary empires were built (and destroyed) in the course of history.
Cannons also appeared in naval warfare.
Oil tankers appeared in the late 19th century; today they are among the largest ships.
Polynesians traveled huge distances with their specially designed boats.
The magnificent capital of the Aztec Empire astonished even the Spanish Conquistadors.
The name of this magnificent palace complex originates in Arabic and means 'the red one'.
Learning about the geographic location, capitals and flags of American countries through exercises in three levels of difficulty.
Schooners, first built in the Netherlands in the 17th century, were mainly used as merchant ships.
A game about sights around the world.
A bireme is a type of ancient warship, with a characteristic pointed bow and two decks of oars, used by many armies.
A sailing vessel with characteristic lugsails used for both military and trade purposes.
Today called Dubrovnik, this Croatian city is known for its spectacular architecture and beautiful location.
Submarines submerge and surface by changing the average density of the hull.
Majestic even in its ruins, this city was the largest and most populous settlement in the pre-Columbian Americas.
The Panama Canal is an artificial waterway created to shorten shipping routes between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.
The statue was donated by the French to the USA for the centenary of gaining independence.
RMS Titanic was the largest passenger ship at the beginning of the 20th century
The largest type of Arab sailboat, most commonly used as trading vessels in the Persian Gulf.