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Port

Port

Ports must provide necessary infrastructure and services for industry and marine transportation.

Geography

Keywords

port, transportation, water transportation, shipping, watercraft, logistics, trade, industry, infrastructure, service, commerce, passenger transportation, duty, free port, container terminal, map, map knowledge, Earth globe, Earth, human geography, society, geography

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Scenes

Port zone: an economic zone in connection with a coastal settlement, where all the buildings and socio-economic activities are related directly or indirectly to the transportation of goods and passengers.

Typical services and industries of ports:

1. port services (storing incoming and outgoing goods in warehouses and their distribution);

2. port operation services (loading and unloading, packing, ship repair, customs, financial services, insurance, transportation, security, catering, information services);

3. port-based industries that process incoming bulk goods and goods from the mainland, for exportation (metallurgy, petrochemical industry, wood industry, textile industry, food industry);

4. industries related to maritime activities (e. g. shipbuilding).

Narration

Ports are the hubs of water transport; logistic, industrial and commercial centers. We can distinguish between freight and passenger transport, which require different port facilities and are also physically separated from each other.

Passenger ports are located in the centers of large cities or in tourist areas. These ports have facilities like restaurants, hotels and banks, to serve passengers’ needs.
The primary function of a commercial port is the loading and unloading of ships, and if necessary, the storage of goods . Larger ports today serve complex functions, such as customs clearance, classification of goods, administration, maintenance and repair of ships.
A port needs good transport links, an internal railway system and loading machines. Freight can be loaded directly from the ship to the freight trains by cranes.
The containers are stored in container terminals. Certain products must be stored under special conditions: wheat and grain in silos, and oil in special tanks.

Bulk products are stored and transported in loose bulk form. These include cereals, oily seeds, animal feed and sugar. The weight and quality of incoming bulk material is checked at ports.

Free ports are ports where the handling and storage of goods takes place without a customs inspection.

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Container ships

Commercial maritime routes of container ships form a global network.

Lighthouse

Lighthouses are used as an aid to navigation in coastal waters.

Airport

Airports provide infrastructure and services necessary for aviation.

Hovercraft, SR.N4 Mk.III

Hovercrafts are capable of traveling at high speed above the surface of water.

Industrial estate

Industrial estates provide infrastructure and services for companies.

Layers of the ocean

Physical properties, as well as the flora and fauna of the ocean change with depth.

Oil tanker

Oil tankers appeared in the late 19th century; today they are among the largest ships.

Ragusa (Croatia, 16th century)

Today called Dubrovnik, this Croatian city is known for its spectacular architecture and beautiful location.

RMS Queen Mary 2 (2003)

The largest ocean liner at the time of its construction.

The Panama Canal

The Panama Canal is an artificial waterway created to shorten shipping routes between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.

The Suez Canal

The Suez Canal is an artificial waterway connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.

Transport networks

The animation presents the main air, water and land routes and transport hubs.

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