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Ötzi, the Iceman

Ötzi, the Iceman

The mummified body of a man who probably lived in the Chalcolithic period, was found in one of the glaciers of the Alps.

History

Keywords

Ötzi, iceman, mummy, preserved body, The Alps, glacier, Austria, Italy, Bolzano, Chalcolithic, hunter, device, weapon, clothing, lifestyle, research, history, academic source

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Questions

  • In which (archeological) period did Ötzi live?
  • What material was Ötzi’s ax head made of?

Scenes

  • - It was hewn from the trunk of a yew tree. It was about 180 cm (70.87 in) long and its range was about 30–50 m (98.43–164 ft).
  • - The Iceman, or the Man from Hauslabjoch lived about 5,300 years ago, in the early Copper age. His mummy was found on September 19, 1991 in the Ötztal Alps, near Hauslabjoch, on the border between Austria and Italy, at an altitude of 3,210 m (10,530 ft). He is the world’s oldest fully preserved mummy. When he died, he was probably about 45 years old and 158 cm (5' 2") tall and weighed about 50 kg (110 lb).
  • ax - The 9.5 cm (3.74 in) long head was made of copper, and fixed to a 60 cm (23.62 in) long wooden haft.

Ax

  • - It was hewn from the trunk of a yew tree. It was about 180 cm (70.87 in) long and its range was about 30–50 m (98.43–164 ft).
  • - The Iceman, or the Man from Hauslabjoch lived about 5,300 years ago, in the early Copper age. His mummy was found on September 19, 1991 in the Ötztal Alps, near Hauslabjoch, on the border between Austria and Italy, at an altitude of 3,210 m (10,530 ft). He is the world’s oldest fully preserved mummy. When he died, he was probably about 45 years old and 158 cm (5' 2") tall and weighed about 50 kg (110 lb).
  • ax - The 9.5 cm (3.74 in) long head was made of copper, and fixed to a 60 cm (23.62 in) long wooden haft.

Narration

In 1991, two tourists discovered a body in a glacier while hiking in the Ötztal Alps, at the border of Austria and Italy. After the body was examined, it turned out that it was the mummified body of a man who probably died in the Chalcolithic period, about 5,300 years ago.

The body was preserved by the ice and it only reached the surface after the glacier melted. It is the world’s oldest fully preserved mummy.
The mummy was named Ötzi, but he is also called the Iceman or the Man from Hauslabjoch. At the time of his death, he was probably about 45 years old and 158 cm (5' 2") tall and weighed about 50 kg (110 lb), which was probably the average at that time.

The mummy is now displayed in a special environment at the Museum of Archeology in Bolzano, South Tyrol, Italy. In the past few years, numerous research groups have examined this unique finding. Ötzi’s body, the remains of his clothes and his tools all serve as important sources of information for researchers of the Chalcolithic period.

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