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Mongol Khan (13th century)

Mongol Khan (13th century)

The ruler of the vast Mongol Empire was the Khan.



Mongolian, khan, Mongol Empire, Great Khan, Genghis, Middle Ages, yurt, tent, leader, general, ruler, history

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  • On which continent was the homeland of the Mongols?
  • Which type of soldiers made the Mongol army successful?
  • Who founded the Mongol Empire?
  • In which century did Genghis Khan lead the Mongol invasion?
  • Who was appointed leader of the European invasion?
  • Which title did Mongol rulers wear?
  • Who was the first European traveler to bring news of the upcoming Mongol invasion of Europe?
  • Is it true that the aim of the Dominican expedition led by Friar Julianus was to find the Mongols?
  • Is it true that Mongols were nomadic people?
  • Is it true that at one time the Mongols ruled China too?
  • Which European traveler visited Kublai Khan's empire?
  • What is the (possible) meaning of expression 'Genghis'?
  • Who was the great khan at the time of the European invasion?
  • Who was the King of Hungary during the Mongol invasion?
  • Where did the crucial battle between the Mongol Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary take place?
  • When did the Battle of Muhi take place?
  • Is it true that in 1242 the Mongols suddenly left Hungary?
  • Is it true that most of the Kingdom of Hungary remained unharmed by the Mongol invaders?
  • What was the relationship between Ögedei Khan and Genghis Khan?
  • What did King Béla IV do after the Mongol invasion?
  • Where did King Béla IV flee during the Mongol invasion?
  • Who gave an eyewitness account of the Mongol invasion of Hungary?


Tent of the Great Khan

  • khan
  • seat of the Khan - It was located opposite the entrance.
  • women's side
  • men's side - This was the side for guests too.
  • pillar
  • weapon rack
  • arrows
  • swords
  • bow
  • saddle
  • saddle rack
  • bodyguard
  • hearth
  • carpet
  • table
  • metal pots
  • latticework
  • felt cover
  • chest
  • storage

Mongol Khan

Structure of the tent

  • entrance
  • roof ring
  • smoke hole
  • roof beams
  • latticework

First wife of the khan



Genghis Khan was the ruler of the Mongol Empire, which was essentially established when he was elected Great Khan in 1206. By the early 13th century the vast empire of one of the greatest conquerors of all time extended from China to Europe. Being a Great Khan (or Khagan), he was an autocratic leader who was thought to have divine power.

Mongols were nomads and, like his people, Genghis Khan lived in a yurt, which is a traditional portable tent. Of course, his yurt was larger and more decorated than those of his subjects. He had several wives, the first, highest ranking wife being Börte. Her place in the yurt was on her husband's left, following tradition. Of their nine children, Ögedei became the successor after the death of the Great Khan in 1227.

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