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Mir Castle Complex (17th century)

Mir Castle Complex (17th century)

The Mir Castle Complex, situated in the town of Mir, Belarus was built in the Gothic-Renaissance style.

History

Keywords

Belarus, Mir, brick, Renaissance, Gothic, Gothicism, fortress architecture, castle, architecture, fortification, palisade, rook, Eastern Europe, tower, moat, inner castle, outer castle, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, 17th century, history, Middle Ages, modern history

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The Mir Castle Complex

The town of Mir is located in present-day Belarus. The first castle of the town was commissioned by Duke Yuri Ilinich of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, in the early 16th century.

The Gothic-style castle passed into the hands of the influential Radziwiłł dynasty. They extended the castle in the Renaissance style, transforming it into a castle complex.

The castle was ravaged by wars as Russians, Swedes, Poles and even Napoleon's cavalry fought around the castle over the centuries.

In 1828, however, the castle was acquired by the Wittgenstein family who had it reconstructed in the second half of the 19th century.

During World War I the castle complex was almost completely destroyed. Then, during World War II, the Germans used it to imprison local Jews before killing them.

The iconic castle complex became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000. Thanks to the renovation works of recent years, the castle and its surroundings have been restored to their original splendor.

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