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Mars Exploration Program

Mars Exploration Program

Space probes and Mars rovers examine the structure of Mars and possible traces of life.

Geography

Keywords

Mars, space probe, Mariner, Viking, Mars Pathfinder, marsjáró, Spirit, Opportunity, Curiosity, traces of life, descent module, planet, Space Race, NASA, spectroscopy, astronomy, space research, geography

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Mars

Possible traces of water and life are sought on Mars.

Milky Way

The diameter of our galaxy is about 100,000 light years; it contains more than 100 billion stars, one of which is our Sun.

The life-cycle of the Solar System

The formation of the Sun and the planets started with the contraction of a dust cloud about 4.5 billion years ago.

The Solar System; planetary orbits

The orbits of the 8 planets in our Solar System are elliptical.

Hubble Space Telescope

The Hubble Space Telescope orbits outside the distorting influence of Earth´s atmosphere.

Our astronomical neighborhood

A demonstration of nearby planets, stars and galaxies.

Planets, sizes

The inner planets of the Solar System are terrestrial planets while the outer planets are gas giants.

Earth

The Earth is a rocky planet with a solid crust and oxygen in its atmosphere.

Interesting astronomy facts

This animation presents some interesting facts in the field of astronomy.

Kepler space telescope

The Kepler space telescope was launched by NASA to discover Earth-like planets orbiting other stars

Pluto - Charon system

The largest satellite of Pluto is Charon.

Saturn

Saturn is the second largest planet in the Solar System, easily recognisable by its rings.

Space Shuttle

The Space Shuttle was a manned, reusable spacecraft operated by NASA.

Venus

Venus is the 2nd planet from the Sun, the brightest object on the night sky (after the Moon).

Yuri Gagarin’s journey to outer space (1961)

Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space on April 12, 1961.

ISS

The International Space Station is a habitable satellite built with the cooperation of 16 countries.

Jupiter

Jupiter is the largest planet of the Solar System, it has two and a half times the mass of all the other planets combined.

Kepler´s laws of planetary motion

The three important laws describing planetary motion were formulated by Johannes Kepler.

Mercury

Mercury is innermost and smallest planet of the Solar System.

Neptune

Neptune is the outermost planet of the Solar System, the smallest of the giant planets

Satellite navigation, GPS

The Global Positioning System consists of 24 satellites but only 4 have to be visible for positioning.

Satellite types

Satellites orbiting the Earth can be used for civilian or military purposes.

Sputnik 1 (1957)

The Soviet-made satellite was the first spacecraft to be launched into outer space (in October 1957).

The Dawn mission

Studying Ceres and Vesta will help us learn more about the early history of the Solar System and how rocky planets are formed.

The New Horizons mission

The New Horizons space probe was launched in 2006, with the objective to study Pluto and the Kuiper Belt.

Uranus

Uranus is the 7th planet from the Sun, a gas giant.

Voyager space probes

The Voyager space probes were the first man-made objects to leave the Solar System. They gather data about outer space and carry information about humanity.

Apollo 15 mission (Lunar Rover)

The animation shows the two-seater Lunar Rover used in the Apollo 15 mission

Moon landing: July 20, 1969

Neil Armstrong, one of the crew members of Apollo 11 was the first man to set foot on the Moon.

The development of celestial mechanics

This animation introduces the studies of astronomers and physicists whose works fundamentally changed our view of the universe.

Weightlessness

A spacecraft on its path is in a constant state of free fall.

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