The people of Ancient Greece, though living in different polisesscattered over a large area, were connected by their commonorigins and language as well as by their religion. Their mythology was rich in strange and magical creatures, but the most important characters were certainly their gods. The gods of theHellenistic age played a leading role. They were the "Olympians," as it was on Mount Olympus where these twelveimmortals held their feasts.
The supreme god of the Greek Pantheon was Zeus, son of the Titans Chronos and Rhea. Zeus was the god of the sky, storms and lightning. He was the father of numerous gods and demi-gods. He married his sister, Hera, the "cow-eyed" one, who was the goddess of marriage and childbirth.
Zeus and his brothers divided the world among themselves; Poseidon became god of of the seas, while Hades became god of the underworld.
There was a pair of twins among the Greek gods: Apollo was the god of poetry and prophecy, and his sister, Artemis, was the goddess of hunting and wild animals.
Hermes, the messenger of the gods and the god of merchants and thieves was also Zeus´s son.
Zeus' sister, Hestia, the goddess of the family hearth, was the most polite and modest of the gods.
Ares, son of Zeus and Hera, was quite different as he was the god of war.
Pallas Athena, who leapt out of Zeus' head, was the patron of Athens, but she is mainly known as the goddess of knowledge and wisdom.
Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty and love, emerged from the sea.
Hera's son, Hephaestos, was the god of fire and the blacksmith to the gods.
The religion of Ancient Greece was polytheistic; the Greeks imagined their gods to look similar to humans and to possess similar attributes - these were anthropomorphicgods. They were, however, immortal.