Farms in Hungary were usually located near the edge of rural towns or villages, inhabited by peasants. Farms were small, they consisted of a house with a few agricultural buildings. The first Hungarian farms were probably established in the 15th century, but they appeared in large numbers in the 18th century.
The typical farming lifestyle required a special arrangement of structural elements.
Farms were sometimes surrounded by a fence. The most important building on the property was the family’s living quarters, which typically consisted of a bedroom, a kitchen and a pantry. Besides the pantry, the attic was also used for storage.
The center of everyday life, however, was not the house, but the farm yard. Buildings and structures for holding livestock or storing crops were here: pigsties, pens, stables, corn cages and barns. There was usually a well, surrounded by troughs for animals. Bales of straw, pigeon lofts, milk jugs being dried on trees, piles of manure and outdoor lavatories all added to the special atmosphere of the farms.
There was often a vineyard and an orchard next to the yard. The fields beyond the fence were used for livestock and agricultural cultivation. This is where the family spent most of their days.