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An acyl-carrier coenzyme taking part in both anabolic and catabolic processes.
Coenzyme A, acetyl group, carrier coenzyme, citric acid cycle, metabolic processes, catabolism, catabolic process, biochemistry, chemistry, biology
Molar mass: 767.54 g/mol
Coenzyme A is a nucleotide derivative, highly soluble in water but insoluble in alcohol, ether and acetone.
In the metabolic processes of living organisms, it is an acyl-carrier coenzyme involved in both anabolic and catabolic processes. Its best-known derivative is acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl CoA), which transports the acetyl group required in the citric acid cycle.
It occurs in all metabolically active cells. In the human body, it is synthesized from vitamin B, mainly in the liver.
Enzymes are protein molecules catalyzing biochemical reactions. Their activity can be regulated.
ATP is the main source of energy for cells.
NAD⁺ is a coenzyme that plays an important role mainly in catabolic processes, while NADP is important in anabolic processes as hydrogen carriers.
A crystalline compound found in nucleic acids, coenzymes, nucleotides and nucleosides.
A compound ion formed when a phosphoric acid molecule releases a proton.
It is also used as a food additive, limescale and rust remover.
A heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, its derivatives include guanine and adenine.