The devastating defeat in the battle against the Ottomans marked the end of an era in Hungarian history.
Battle of Mohács, Mohács, Mohács plain, 1526, Louis II, King of Hungary, Suleiman I, Pál Tomori, George Zápolya, battle, Szabács, Nándorfehérvár, Zemun, Ottoman expansion, armed forces, Csele-patak, Kingdom of Hungary, Ottoman Empire, military history, Hungarian, army, Turkish, occupation, history
Stage 1 (August 29, 1526, early afternoon)
The Hungarian army, led by King Louis II, lined up on a field near Mohács. The Ottoman army, led by Suleiman I, marched to the field in the order of battle. The Hungarian army numbered 25 thousand, the Ottomans about 60 thousand. The Ottomans also had far more cannons and the terrain also matched their strategy better. At the beginning of the battle, a troop made up of irregular light cavalry broke out of the Rumelian corps that formed the left wing and attempted to encircle the Hungarian left wing. To prevent this, the Hungarians’ commander-in-chief, Pál Tomori, ordered a side troop to attack them.
Stage 2 (August 29, 1526, afternoon)
Tomori advised the king to order the attack. It was probably the right wing and the center that first attacked. The assault seemed successful at first, but soon the Ottomans took the lead. Due to their cannons and superiority in numbers, they gradually encircled and pushed back the Hungarians. The battle developed into a general melee.
Stage 3 (August 29, 1526, afternoon)
The first short battle ended with the crushing defeat of the Hungarian army. There were many reasons for this: the reinforcements they were expecting did not arrive, the site and tactics were poorly chosen, and the Ottoman army was vastly superior. The Hungarians suffered huge losses. Besides soldiers, leaders of the church, noblemen and indeed the Hungarian king himself also died in the Battle. According to legend, King Louis II drowned in a small stream. The Ottomans did not pursue the fleeing Hungarians, as they feared the appearance of the Hungarian ´main force.´