Your cart is empty

Shop

Quantity: 0

Total: 0,00

0

Battle of Marathon (490 B.C.)

Battle of Marathon (490 B.C.)

The marathon running event was instituted in commemoration of the run of a Greek soldier after the Battle of Marathon, fought between the Athenian and the Persian armies.

History

Keywords

Marathon, marathon running, Darius, Darius I, battle, battlefield, hoplites, hoplite, Greeks, Persians, Hellas, military campaign, military history, war, Miltiades, Herodotus, fleet, cavalry, phalanx, warfare, army, antiquity, history

Related items

Scenes

Narration

Stage 1 (August?, September? 490 B.C.)

On the field of Marathon, twenty thousand Persian soldiers fought against ten thousand Athenians and a thousand Plataean warriors. The Greek army was made up solely of heavily armed hoplite infantry. The main strength of the Persian army was its mounted and infantry archers, but because of their equipment, they were not sufficiently effective in close combat. (In the end, the cavalry did not participate in the battle.) At the beginning of the battle, the hoplites pushed forward to prevent the Persians (especially the cavalry) from disembarking and deploying their armies there.

Stage 2 (August?, September? 490 B.C.)

According to the most widely accepted description of the battle, the Greek strategos Miltiades devised a tactic that defeated the Persians. The center line of his army, which was much thinner than usual, was pushed back by the middle line of the Persians, which had been arranged into the most effective formation. The Persians could not split the Greek army in two, and instead were engulfed by its powerful wings. The Persian left and right wings fled back towards their ships.

Stage 3 (August?, September? 490 B.C.)

The seeming success of the Persians turned into a trap, as the Greek lines closed and encircled the middle of the Persian line. Most of the Persian soldiers were trapped within the ring. In close combat, the hoplites demonstrated the superiority of their tactics, method of fighting and equipment, so most of the Persians lost their lives. As fighting back seemed to be hopeless, the soldiers who managed to flee ran for their ship.

Stage 4 (August?, September? 490 B.C.)

A part of the Greek army chased the fleeing Persians, attempting to set their ships on fire (according to sources they managed to capture two of them). The Persians sailed round Sunium in the hope of reaching the undefended city of Athens. But the Hoplites marched away to the defense of their city with all possible speed. According to the legend, a messenger was sent forward to bring the news of the victory (and the approach of the Persians). The messenger managed to arrive in Athens before the Persians (this being the first marathon run).

Related items

Greek and Macedonian phalanx formation

The phalanx formation was a military formation of the Greek heavy infantry.

Persian warrior (5th century BC)

The excellent archers were feared members of the Persian army

Battle of Salamis (480 B.C.)

The Greek fleet owed their success to their good tactics and their fast and easily maneuverable ships.

Battle of Thermopylae (480 B.C.)

The battle of the Greek-Persian War became famous for the heroic sacrifice of the Spartan soldiers.

Persian monarch (5th century BC)

Ancient Persian monarchs were famous for the size of their empire and their wealth.

Battle of Issus (333 B.C.)

The battle ended with the overwhelming victory of the Macedonian army over the Persian army led by Darius III.

Battle of Zama (202 BC)

Scipio’s Roman army defeated Hannibal’s Punic army in the battle fought during the 2nd Punic war in Africa.

Bireme (ancient oared warship)

A bireme is a type of ancient warship, with a characteristic pointed bow and two decks of oars, used by many armies.

Persian pontoon bridge (5th century BC)

King Darius as well as Xerxes built pontoon bridges across the Bosphorus for the Persian army.

Historical topography (battles, universal history)

Place the sites of notable battles in history on a blank map.

Olympia (5th century B.C.)

The Olympic Games, held in the town every 4th year after 776 B.C. made it one of the centers of ancient Greece.

Added to your cart.