Your cart is empty

Shop

Quantity: 0

Total: 0,00

0

Ancient Roman military camp

Ancient Roman military camp

As the Roman Empire expanded, military camps were established on the newly conquered territories.

History

Keywords

military camp, military fortress, Ancient Rome, antiquity, Roman, soldier, fortress, legionary, watchtower, Római Birodalom, warfare, legion, commander’s building, mercenary, armament, limes, barrack, empire, Mediterranean Sea, gate, stable, history

Related items

Scenes

Narration

A few centuries after its foundation, Rome ruled the Mediterranean as a huge empire. Continuous expansion, of course, required a proper army and military tactics.

When a new area was invaded, temporary camps were built first for the auxiliaries. These were later replaced by permanent camps on strategically important spots. Besides being constructed on geographically protected areas, the camps were also surrounded by stone walls and ditches. Watchtowers and bastions were also built on the walls. The characteristic, rectangular Roman camps had one well-guarded entrance gate on each side.

The barracks, warehouses and stables for animals were located near the walls, while the commander’s headquarters was built on the safest spot of the camp, in the geometric center. It was usually a two-story building.

As the Empire was expanding, keeping the conquered territories and operating the army became more and more difficult. The army, which formerly consisted mainly of citizens, was transformed into a mercenary army. The basic unit of the army was the legion, consisting of about 6,000 soldiers. It was divided into 10 smaller and thus more mobile units. The legionaries were heavy infantry who underwent rigorous training.

Related items

Ancient Roman infantry tactics

Members of the ancient Roman Legions were the masters of military tactics.

Roman soldier (1st century B.C.)

Mercenaries of the ancient Roman army were well-trained and well equipped with the most up-to-date weapons.

Ancient Roman siege engines

Ancient Roman conquerors had effective siege engines developed for attacking fortifications.

Provinces and settlements of Ancient Rome

This animation presents the history of Ancient Rome throughout the centuries.

Alesia (France, 1st century BC)

The Gaul city Alesia, defended by Vercingetorix, was besieged by the Roman forces of Julius Caesar in 52 BC.

Ancient Roman aqueduct and road

The excellent road and aqueduct system covering the whole empire reflects well the development of the Roman civilization.

Ancient Roman domus

Wealthy citizens in ancient Rome owned large houses with varied layouts of several rooms.

Arch of Titus (Rome, 1st century)

The Arch of Triumph was built at the entrance of the Forum Romanum, to commemorate Emperor Titus’ victory in the Siege of Jerusalem.

Baths of Caracalla (Rome, 3rd century)

The magnificent bath complex of the Roman Emperor was built in the 3rd century A.D.

Battle of Alesia (52 BC)

The Gaul city Alesia, which was defended by Vercingetorix, was besieged by the Roman forces of Julius Caesar in 52 BC.

Circus Maximus (Rome)

The ancient Roman arena became well-known for the chariot races held here.

Colosseum (Rome, 1st century)

The most famous and most magnificent amphitheater of Rome was built in the 1st century.

Early Christian Necropolis, Cella Septichora (Pécs, Hungary, 4th century)

The Early Christian Necropolis in Pécs, Hungary is an outstanding historical site.

Early Christian Necropolis, Cella trichora (Pécs, Hungary)

The Early Christian Necropolis in Pécs, Hungary is an outstanding historical site.

Late Roman soldier (4th century)

The prosperity of the eastern part of the Roman Empire started in the early 4th century, during the reign of Emperor Constantine.

Legendary ancient empires

Numerous legendary empires were built (and destroyed) in the course of history.

The battle of Actium (31 BC)

In the battle fought at the shores of Hellas, Octavian won a decisive victory over Marcus Antonius.

The Battle of the Catalaunian Plains (451)

The Roman army, led by Flavius Aetius, stopped the Hun invasion led by king Attila

Germanic warrior (4th century)

Dreaded Germanic warriors spreading out from Northern Europe toward the south also threatened the Roman Empire.

Diocletian's Palace (Split, Croatia)

The fortress-like palace was built by Roman Emperor Diocletian on the coast near his hometown.

Added to your cart.