Altitudinal zonation

In mountainous areas the climate, soil properties, the flora and fauna change depending on elevation.

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How do seas shape the Earth's surface?

Seawater, as an external force, plays an important role in shaping coastlines.

Tectonic plates

Tectonic plates can move in relation to each other.

Faulting (basic)

Vertical forces can break up layers of rock into fault blocks, which then move...

Fjord

A fjord is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides, created in a valley carved by...

Ocean currents

The Great ocean conveyor is a planet-wide system of ocean currents, which has a great...

Loess

It is a sedimentary rock made up of loosely structured, rough grains of rock.

Faulting (intermediate)

Vertical forces can break up layers of rock into fault blocks, which then move...

The Gregorian calendar

Developed nearly 500 years ago, it is a variant of the Julian calendar. Today it is the most...

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