Altitudinal zonation

In mountainous areas the climate, soil properties, the flora and fauna change depending on elevation.

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Local winds

The most important types of local winds are the sea-land breeze, the mountain-valley breeze as...

Glacier (intermediate)

A glacier is a large body of ice that forms from snow, and is in constant, slow motion.

Mid-latitude cyclone and anticyclone

Cyclones are large areas of circulating air with clouds and precipitation being formed in its...

The African savannah

The largest contiguous savannah in the world is in Africa. It covers about one-third of the...

Mountain climate zones

The decisive factor that determines the climate zones of mountains is the altitude above sea level.

Factors of warming

The duration of solar radiation, the angle of the Sun's rays and the surface albedo all have an...

Aeolian landforms in deserts

Wind, as an external force, plays an important role in shaping deserts.

Natural gas and petroleum

Natural gas and petroleum are among the most important sources of energy and raw materials today.

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