Your cart is emptyShop
The theatre that has a distinctive shape and excellent acoustics was situated at the side of the Acropolis in Athens.
Dionysus, theatre, Athens, Acropolis, god, acting, drama, auditorium, dancefloor, choir, mask, building, edifice, amphitheatre, Greek, Greece, Ancient Greek, antiquity, altar, patron, history
Dionysus, the Olympian god, is known as the god of grapes, wine, intoxication and fertility. But in ancient Greece, he was also worshipped as the patron of the theatre. The open-air theatre found on the southern slope of the Acropolis in Athens was used for this purpose and thus it is known as the Theatre of Dionysus. According to various sources, the first drama was performed here in about 534 BC, the year is thus often considered the dawn of the theatre. Later many great works of legendary Hellenistic authors were performed in the theatre.
The structure of Ancient Greek theatres took on their final form in the Hellenistic age. The horseshoe-shaped auditorium encircled the orchestra. Seats were initially made of timber, and later of stone tiles, or carved from rock. The design of the tiered auditorium was such that spectators could hear the play perfectly even in the back rows.
Initially, the orchestra was simply a flattened, circular patch of earth where the chorus danced and sang in honour of Dionysus. Later it was paved and its shape was not perfectly circular. The actual stage was a raised platform on logs, located behind the orchestra. There was usually a multi-storey scenic wall in the background, serving also to enclose the space of the theatre.
Only men could perform in the Ancient Greek theatre, so female roles were also played by young men or boys. Emotions were expressed using masks; actors also wore platform shoes during performances.
The world's most famous citadel, the Acropolis of Athens was built in the 5th century BC, during the Age of Pericles.
The building commissioned by Pompey the Great was the first permanent theatre in Ancient Rome.
The masterpieces of ancient Greek potters are important archaeological artefacts.
One of the directors of the circular, open-air Renaissance theatre in London was William Shakespeare.
The animation shows five outstanding works in the history of sculpture.
The city with advanced culture was the first settlement in history to have a citadel.
The Olympic Games, held in the town every 4th year after 776 BC made it one of the centres of ancient Greece.
The first indoor theatre in modern history to be constructed according to the theatre-building codes of Antiquity was inaugurated in 1585.
The Doric, Ionic and Corinthian order of columns are different in size and ornamentation as well.
The screw pump commonly attributed to Archimedes made irrigation much more effective
Due to its design and location, the Opera House of the Australian city is one of the most extraordinary opera houses in the world.
Cinemas were built in large numbers in big cities of the US in the 1910s.
The Olympian gods in ancient Greek mythology were as diverse as humans.