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The spread of Homo sapiens on Earth

The spread of Homo sapiens on Earth

The 'wise man' originated in Africa and dispersed throughout most of the continents.

History

Keywords

Homo sapiens, wise man, sites, migration, continents, ice age, Africa, chronology, mankind, America, Australia, Asia, Europe, glaciation, sea level, settlement, Distribution, tools

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Scenes

The last glacial period

  • British Isles
  • Adriatic Sea
  • North America
  • Alaska
  • Red Sea
  • The Alps
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Indonesia
  • Japan
  • Australia
  • Himalayas
  • Finnish Lakeland
  • Great Lakes
  • Strait of Gibraltar
  • New Guinea
  • Scandinavia
  • 70 thousand years ago
  • 40 thousand years ago
  • 20 thousand years ago
  • present day
  • decrease in sea level (120 m)

The origin of Homo sapiens

  • Mandeb strait
  • Africa
  • Arabian Peninsula
  • 130-60 thousand years ago

Asia and Australia

  • Africa
  • Arabian Peninsula
  • Asia
  • Indonesia
  • Australia
  • New Guinea
  • India
  • 60-40 thousand years ago

Europe

  • Asia
  • Arabian Peninsula
  • Europe
  • North Africa
  • British Isles
  • 40-20 thousand years ago

Americas

  • Bering Strait
  • Asia
  • North America
  • South America
  • 20-13 thousand years ago

Homo sapiens

  • Homo sapiens

Fossil sites

  • Omo - Site: Omo National Park, Omo River Country: Ethiopia Fossil(s): bones (Omo I, Omo II) Age of the fossil(s): ca 195,000+/- 5,000 years old Interesting fact: the oldest known fossils of Homo Sapiens
  • Laetoli - Site: Laetoli Country: Tanzania Fossil(s): skull (Laetoli Hominid 18 (LH18)) Age of the fossil(s): ca 90-150,000 years old Interesting fact: cranial capacity of about 1,200 cm³
  • Herto, Middle Awash - Site: Herto, Middle Awash Country: Ethiopia Fossil(s): skulls (Homo sapiens idaltu; e.g. BOU-VP-16/1) Age of the fossil(s): ca 154-160,000 years old Interesting fact: 'idaltu' means 'first born' or 'elder'
  • Border Cave - Site: Border Cave Country: South Africa Fossil(s): human and animal bones, tools Age of the fossil(s): ca 80-120,000 years old Interesting fact: around 35,000-year-old bones have also been found here (Lebombo bone)
  • Klasies River Mouth Caves - Site: Humansdorp Country: South Africa Fossil(s): human bones (skull, jaw, teeth, foot bones) Age of the fossil(s): ca 70-120,000 years old Interesting fact: the fossils show evidence of cannibalism
  • Jebel Irhoud - Site: Sidi Moktar Country: Morocco Fossil(s): human bones Age of the fossil(s): ca 160,000 years old Interesting fact: one of the fossils is a tooth of a 7-8-year-old Homo Sapiens child
  • Dar Es-Soltan - Site: Dar Es-Soltan Country: Morocco Fossil(s): human bones, tools Age of the fossil(s): ca 60-110,000 years old Interesting fact: many researchers believe that modern humans have spread from North Africa
  • Crô-Magnon - Site: Les Eyzies-de-Tayac Country: France Fossil(s): 5 human skeletons, objects (e.g. decorative objects) Age of the fossil(s): ca 27-28,000 years old Interesting fact: the bones show evidence of serious illnesses and severe injures
  • Předmostí - Site: Předmostí Country: Czech Republic Fossil(s): human and animals bones, tools, figurines Age of the fossil(s): ca 14-37,000 years old Interesting fact: evidence of domestication of dogs has been found here
  • Peștera cu Oase - Site: Anina Country: Romania Fossil(s): human and animal bones Age of the fossil(s): ca 39,500-41,500 years old Interesting fact: oldest modern human remains in Europe
  • Sungir - Site: Vladimir Country: Russia Fossil(s): human bones, objects Age of the fossil(s): ca 28-30,000 years old Interesting fact: the graves of two children, who were probably victims of ritual murder, were excavated here
  • Kostyonki - Site: Kostyonki Country: Russia Fossil(s): human and animal bones Age of the fossil(s): ca 31-34,000 years old Interesting fact: a Venus figurine and a large hut have been found here
  • Combe-Capelle - Site: Combe-Capelle Country: France Fossil(s): human and animal bones, tools Age of the fossil(s): ca 30-35,000 years old Interesting fact: numerous stone tools have been excavated here
  • Skhul and Qafzeh Caves - Site: Skhul and Qafzeh Caves Country: Israel Fossil(s): human and animal bones, tools Age of the fossil(s): ca 80-120,000 years old Interesting fact: the skull of an approximately 3-year-old child suffering from hydrocephalus has been discovered here
  • Zhiren Cave - Site: Zhiren Cave (Zhirendong) Country: China Fossil(s): human remains (two molars and an anterior mandible) Age of the fossil(s): ca 100-113,000 years old Interesting fact: some of the oldest modern human fossils in East Asia
  • Tongtianyan Cave - Site: Tongtianyan Cave Country: China (Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region) Fossil(s): human remains (Liujiang skeleton) Age of the fossil(s): ca 111-139,000 (?) years old Interesting fact: some of the oldest modern human fossils in East Asia
  • Annamite Mountains - Site: Annamite Mountains Country: Laos Fossil(s): human skull Age of the fossil(s): ca 63,000 years old Interesting fact: the oldest modern human fossil in Southeast Asia
  • Afontova Gora - Site: Krasnoyarsk Country: Russia Fossil(s): human and animal bones, tools Age of the fossil(s): ca 18-20,000 years old
  • Lake Mungo - Site: Lake Mungo Country: Australia Fossil(s): human and animal bones, tools Age of the fossil(s): ca 40-60,000 years old Interesting fact: the fossils show evidence of cremations
  • Tabon Caves - Site: Lipuun Point, Palawan Island Country: Philippines Fossil(s): human and animal bones, tools Age of the fossil(s): ca 67,000 years old Interesting fact: one of the oldest modern human fossils in Southeast Asia
  • Niah Caves - Site: Borneo Country: Malaysia Fossil(s): human and animal bones, tools Age of the fossil(s): ca 40,000 years old Interesting fact: Charles Darwin visited this site

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From the Stone Age to the Iron Age

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Glaciation

The last Ice Age ended about 13 thousand years ago.

Hunebeds

These special dolmens located in present-day Netherlands were built about 5,000 years ago.

Megalithic cultures in Europe

Structures consisting of enormous stone blocks, dating back thousands of years, are monuments of megalithic cultures.

Neolithic settlements

As a result of the revolutionary advances in the Neolithic, settling human communities established the first lasting settlements.

Palaeolithic cave

The first dwellings in human history provide a lot of information about the lifestyle of our ancestors.

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The history of human migration

The migration of large human populations began in Ancient times.

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These Palaeolithic statuettes probably symbolise fertility and prosperity.

Continents and oceans

Dry land on the surface of Earth is divided into continents which are separated by oceans.

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Woolly mammoth

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