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Moon landing: 20 July 1969

Moon landing: 20 July 1969

Neil Armstrong, one of the crew members of Apollo 11 was the first man to set foot on the Moon.

Geography

Keywords

Moon, Moon landing, Neil Armstrong, Apollo 11, Buzz Aldrin, Michael Collins, lunar module, Saturn V, Cape Canaveral, Richard Nixon, moonstone, astronomy, space research, planet, Earth, geography

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Questions

  • In which year did the first man step on the Moon?
  • Where did the lunar module land?
  • How long was the Apollo 11 mission?
  • How much time did Aldrin and Armstrong spend on the Moon?
  • How many astronauts stepped on\nthe Moon during the Apollo 11 mission?
  • Why are the stars not visible on photos taken during the Apollo 11 mission?
  • How many times have humans been to the Moon?
  • What was the first sentence of Aldrin after stepping on the Moon?
  • What was the first sentence of Armstrong after stepping on the Moon?
  • Which country/countries have sent\nastronauts to the Moon?
  • Within which mission did the first man step on the Moon?
  • Who was the first man to set foot on the Moon?
  • Which president of\nthe United States launched\nthe Apollo programme?
  • The gravitational flux ratio of\nthe Earth and the Moon is:
  • Why did astronauts hop on the Moon?
  • Aldrin set up a sheet of aluminium foil on the Moon. What did they examine with this experiment?
  • What did the astronauts bring back to the Earth from the Moon?
  • The first human footsteps can still be seen on the Moon.\nWhy?
  • Why is it necessary to wear\na spacesuit when going on\na moonwalk?
  • Why don’t we have to wear\na spacesuit on Earth?
  • Is the following statement true?\nAfter their return, the crew of\nApollo 11 was quarantined.
  • Is the following statement true?\nAldrin and Armstrong had a conversation with President Nixon on the Moon.
  • Is the following statement true?\nAldrin and Armstrong had a conversation with President Kennedy on the Moon.
  • Is the following statement true?\nThe crew of Apollo 11 consisted of\n3 people.
  • Is the following statement true?\nAll the crew members of\nApollo 11 stepped on the Moon.
  • Is the following statement true?\nThe lunar module was connected to the command module orbiting the Moon.
  • Is the following statement true?\nThe command module transported the astronauts on the surface of the Moon.
  • Is the following statement true?\nArmstrong did not step on the Moon, he stayed in the command module orbiting the Moon.
  • Is the following statement true?\nAldrin did not step on the Moon, he stayed in the command module orbiting the Moon.
  • Is the following statement true?\nCollins did not step on the Moon, he stayed in the command module orbiting the Moon.
  • Is the following statement true?\nThe crew of Apollo 11 consisted of Collins, Armstrong and Aldrin.
  • Is the following statement true?\nGagarin did not step on the Moon.

Scenes

Launch platform

Cape Canaveral, Kennedy Space Center, launch complex nr. 39-A with control tower nr. 1. The Apollo 11 spacecraft is ready to be launched with launch vehicle Saturn V.

Crew: 3 astronauts – Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Michael Collins

Moon landing

During the years of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the USA, space technology played an especially important role. The two superpowers were in competition for supremacy in space exploration. John F. Kennedy announced NASA's Apollo space programme in 1961 with the aim of sending astronauts to the Moon. Apollo 11 was the fifth manned mission in the Apollo programme. The spacecraft was propelled into space on a three-stage Saturn V rocket from launch pad 39A at Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida, on 16 July 1969.

The Apollo 11 spacecraft had a crew of three: Edwin Aldrin as Lunar Module Pilot, Neil Armstrong as Commander and Michael Collins as Command Module Pilot.

As a first stage of the mission, the spacecraft was inserted into low Earth orbit. Then the translunar injection was performed after completing 1 and a half orbits around the Earth. This process took three days. Then the spacecraft entered the lunar orbit and completed 30 cycles altogether.

The first step of landing was to wake up the lunar module, which separated from the command module during the 13th lunar orbit. The successful and smooth landing took place on 20 July 1969, on the previously appointed landing site at the Sea of Tranquility. "Houston, Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed."

Six hours after the landing, the door to the lunar module was opened and Armstrong, followed by Aldrin, stepped onto the Moon and said: “That's one small step for a man; one giant leap for mankind." Armstrong positioned a camera and photographed the surface, while Aldrin studied motion by constantly walking and hopping. Then they set up the scientific instruments and other objects including the American flag. They collected samples, carried out measurements and talked to President Richard Nixon through a telephone-radio transmission.

After completing the work there, they re-entered the lunar module and lifted off. Later, they successfully docked at the command module Columbia, commanded by Collins. After completing the 30th orbit, the spacecraft entered the transearth trajectory and headed back to the Earth. At the end of Apollo 11's historic trip, the crew splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on 24 July 1969.

Saturn V

  • third stage
  • second stage
  • first stage
  • launch escape system
  • Apollo 11 spacecraft
  • lunar module
  • liquid hydrogen
  • liquid oxygen
  • engine J-2 (1 piece)
  • engine J-2 (5 pcs)
  • tank RP-1 (768,000 litres of kerosene)
  • engine F-1 (5 pcs)

Trans lunar injection

  • low Earth orbit
  • lunar ignition
  • flight path to the Moon
  • Apollo 11
  • 3-day journey
  • lunar orbit
  • Moon
  • Earth

Around the Moon

  • command module
  • service module
  • lunar module

On the Moon

  • lunar module
  • American flag
  • lunar soil sampling device
  • passive seismograph
  • camera
  • laser retroreflector

"Houston, Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed." The first human to set foot on the Moon was Neil Armstrong on 21 July 1969. "That’s one small step for a man; one giant leap for mankind." – this sentence coming from the first man stepping onto the Moon has become famous. "Magnificent desolation!" – this is how astronaut Buzz Aldrin, the second astronaut stepping on the Moon described the landscape.

Narration

During the years of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the USA, space technology played an especially important role. The two superpowers were in competition for supremacy in space exploration. John F. Kennedy announced NASA's Apollo space programme in 1961 with the aim of sending astronauts to the Moon. Apollo 11 was the fifth manned mission in the Apollo programme. The spacecraft was propelled into space on a three-stage Saturn V rocket from launch pad 39A at Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida, on 16 July 1969.

The Apollo 11 spacecraft had a crew of three: Edwin Aldrin as Lunar Module Pilot, Neil Armstrong as Commander and Michael Collins as Command Module Pilot.

As a first stage of the mission, the spacecraft was inserted into low Earth orbit. Then the translunar injection was performed after completing 1 and a half orbits around the Earth. This process took three days. Then the spacecraft entered the lunar orbit and completed 30 cycles altogether.

The first step of landing was to wake up the lunar module, which separated from the command module during the 13th lunar orbit. The successful and smooth landing took place on 20 July 1969, on the previously appointed landing site at the Sea of Tranquility. "Houston, Tranquility Base here. The Eagle has landed."

Six hours after the landing, the door to the lunar module was opened and Armstrong, followed by Aldrin, stepped onto the Moon and said: “That's one small step for a man; one giant leap for mankind." Armstrong positioned a camera and photographed the surface, while Aldrin studied motion by constantly walking and hopping. Then they set up the scientific instruments and other objects including the American flag. They collected samples, carried out measurements and talked to President Richard Nixon through a telephone-radio transmission.

After completing the work there, they re-entered the lunar module and lifted off. Later, they successfully docked at the command module Columbia, commanded by Collins. After completing the 30th orbit, the spacecraft entered the transearth trajectory and headed back to the Earth. At the end of Apollo 11's historic trip, the crew splashed down in the Pacific Ocean on 24 July 1969.

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