Lactose (C₁₂H₂₂O₁₁)

A type of sugar found in mammalian milk.

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Trichloromethane, chloroform (CHCl₃)

Also known as chloroform, used as a solvent in laboratories, earlier as an anaesthetic.

Diamond

Crystalline allotrope of elemental carbon, the hardest known natural substance.

Optical isomerism

Mirror image isomers of asymmetrical shapes and solids are non-superimposable.

Haemoglobin

Oxygen carrier protein in our red blood cells.

Proline

One of the 20 amino acids that make up proteins. Its amino group and the 3rd carbon atom...

Butane (C₄H₁₀)

The fourth member in the homologous series of alkanes.

Catalytic cracking

The oil industry is able to meet the world’s growing need for fuel by a process called cracking.

Carbamide (urea) (CO(NH₂)₂)

An organic compound in the urine of mammals, used in the production of fertilisers as a...

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