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Jameh Mosque (Isfahan, 15th century)

Jameh Mosque (Isfahan, 15th century)

Its architectural solutions and ornamentation rank this mosque among the masterpieces of Islamic art.

History

Keywords

Jameh mosque, ISFAHAN, mosque, church, Muslim, Islam, religion, building, Iran, dome, minaret, bow down, prayer

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Questions

  • Who was the founder of Islam?
  • Who is Muhammad in Islam?
  • What does the word 'prophet' mean?
  • What does the religious term 'Islam' mean?
  • Which was the first year of the Islamic calendar?
  • Through which archangel did Muhammad receive his first revelation?
  • What type of religion is Islam?
  • Is it true that Islam, Judaism and Christianity have common roots?
  • Is it true that Islam does not recognise the prophets of the other monotheistic religions?
  • Which is NOT one of the five pillars of Islam?
  • Where was Muhammad born?
  • How many circles do pilgrims have to walk around the Kaaba during\nthe Hajj?
  • What colour is the sacred stone built into the Kaaba shrine?
  • How did the Black Stone of the Kaaba turn from white to black (according to legend)?
  • What was the title of the successors of Muhammad?
  • What is the tall, thin tower which is a distinctive feature of Islamic architecture called?
  • Why is there a fountain and/or a pool in the courtyards of mosques?
  • Which direction do Muslims have to face during prayer?
  • What is the holy book of Islam called?
  • What is written in the Quran, according to Muslim believers?
  • What is the term used for believers of Islamic faith?
  • What is a religious leader of Islam called?
  • What is true for the Qiblah wall?
  • What does the niche in the Qiblah wall indicate?
  • What is the general shape of the courtyards of mosques?
  • Who is seated on the raised platform in the centre of the courtyard?
  • Who calls Muslims to prayer from the minarets five times a day?
  • Is it true that the rules of Islam forbid the decoration of mosques?
  • How many times are Muslims required to pray every day?
  • What are Muslims required to do during the month of Ramadan?
  • Which meat is forbidden to be consumed in Islam?
  • Which drink is forbidden to be consumed by the Quran?

Scenes

Mosque

Structure of the mosque

  • entrance
  • minaret - A distinctive architectural feature of mosques, generally a tall spire that can be attached to the mosque or stand alone.
  • dome
  • iwan - A rectangular hall or space, usually vaulted and walled on three sides.
  • rectangular yard
  • direction of Mecca - The rules of Islam say that Muslims have to face in this direction during prayer.

Courtyard

  • pishtaq - A gate with an ornate façade, closing the space of the iwan.
  • ablution fountain - The rules of Islam requires Muslims to ritually wash themselves before prayer.
  • pool - The rules of Islam requires Muslims to ritually wash themselves before prayer.
  • southern iwan
  • northern iwan
  • eastern iwan
  • western iwan
  • Qiblah - The wall of the southern iwan is perpendicular to the orientation to Mecca, so Muslims praying in front of the wall face the direction of Mecca.
  • mihrab - A niche in the Qiblah wall, indicating the direction of Mecca.
  • dikka - A raised platform form which the muezzins repeat the ritual postures of the imam and speak the responses so that the stages of prayer may be transmitted to larger congregations.
  • arcade

Walk

Animation

  • ablution fountain - The rules of Islam requires Muslims to ritually wash themselves before prayer.
  • pool - The rules of Islam requires Muslims to ritually wash themselves before prayer.
  • southern iwan
  • northern iwan
  • eastern iwan
  • Qiblah - The wall of the southern iwan is perpendicular to the orientation to Mecca, so Muslims praying in front of the wall face the direction of Mecca.
  • mihrab - A niche in the Qiblah wall, indicating the direction of Mecca.

Narration

A mosque is a place of worship for followers of Islam. The word originates from the Arabic word 'masjid', meaning 'place of prostration' and comes from the word 'sajada', meaning 'to bow down in prayer' and the prefix 'ma-', denoting place. There are several types of mosques. The most important of them are the Jami mosques, meaning Friday mosques. These are also called grand or congregational mosques, as this is where the congregation of a town gathers for Friday prayers.

One of the most magnificent mosques in the world is located in Isfahan, Iran. The city was an important centre of the Parthian Empire, and later the capital of the Seljuq Empire. The grand mosque of the city is called the Jameh Mosque. Its structure reflects the typical features of Islamic architecture.

The exterior features domes and minarets – towers from where muezzins call Muslims to prayer. The interior is a single, unfurnished, open yard. The Qiblah wall is located opposite the entrance, perpendicularly to the direction of Mecca, the direction which Muslims face while praying. A niche in the Qiblah wall, called mihrab, indicates the direction of Mecca.

The most characteristic structural elements of the yard are the iwans: rectangular, vaulted halls, walled on three sides. The rich decoration of the gates of the four iwans ranks them among the masterpieces of Islamic architecture. There are also several fountains and washbasins in the yard, as Muslims are required to ritually clean themselves before praying.
The magnificent architectural elements of the Jameh Mosque provide a worthy venue for Muslims to gather and pray.

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