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Continents and oceans

Continents and oceans

Dry land on the surface of Earth is divided into continents which are separated by oceans.

Geography

Keywords

continent, dry land, ocean, Earth, Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America, Antarctic, Pacific Ocean, Atlanti-óceán, Indian Ocean, map, world map, Earth globe, sea, World Ocean, geography

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Questions

  • Where is Europe located?
  • Where is Africa located?
  • Where is Asia located?
  • Where is South America located?
  • Where is North America located?
  • Where is Antarctica located?
  • Where is Australia located?
  • Where is the Pacific Ocean located?
  • Where is the Indian Ocean located?
  • Where is the Atlantic Ocean located?
  • Where is the Arctic Ocean located?
  • Where is Central America located?

Scenes

The Earth

  • Africa
  • Indian Ocean
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Antarctica
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Australia and Oceania
  • Asia
  • Arctic Ocean
  • South America
  • North America
  • Europe
  • Southern Ocean
  • Earth

Continent:
A large, contiguous area of land surrounded by oceans and seas. The separation of continents is not always obvious, geological and socio-geographical definitions may be different.

Africa:
The second largest continent on Earth, its area is 30.3 million km². It is bordered by the Strait of Gibraltar, Mediterranean Sea to the North; the Gulf of Aden, the Indian Ocean, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the East; and the Atlantic Ocean to the West.

Antarctica:
The fifth largest continent, its area is 13.2 million km². It is surrounded by the Southern Ocean.


Australia and Oceania:
Area: 8.8 million km². Australia, New-Zealand, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific Islands also belong to the continent. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the West, and by the Pacific Ocean in all other directions.

Asia:
The largest continent, its area is 44.4 million km². It covers 8.7% of the Earth´s total surface, and 30% of its land area. Asia and Europe together form the Eurasian supercontinent, Asia occupying 4/5 of the landmass. It extends about 11,000 km N-S, and 9,000 km E-W.
Asia is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North, The Pacific Ocean and its marginal seas to the East, Australia and Oceania to the South-East, the Indian Ocean to the South, the Red Sea, the Suez Canal, the Mediterranean Sea to the South-West, the Black Sea, the North Caucasus, the Caspian Sea, the Ural river and the Ural Mountains to the West.
However, socio-geographically, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia are often considered as parts of Europe, similarly to Turkey, since its North-western part (beyond the straits) geographically belongs to Europe.

South America:
Its area is 17.84 million km². It is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the North, the Atlantic Ocean to the East, the Pacific Ocean to the West and the Isthmus of Panama to the North-West.

North America:
The third largest continent. Its area is 24.5 million km². It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North, the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea to the East, and the Pacific Ocean to the West.

Europe:
The second smallest continent, its area is 10.4 million km². Asia and Europe together form the Eurasian supercontinent, Europe occupying 1/5 of the landmass. It is bordered by the Arctic sea to the North, the Ural Mountains, the Ural River and the Caspian Sea to the East, the Caucasus and the Black Sea to the South-west, the Mediterranean Sea to the South, the Atlantic Ocean to the West. However, socio-geographically, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia are often considered as parts of Europe, similarly to Turkey, since its North-western part (beyond the straits) geographically belongs to Europe. (Greenland, which geographically belongs to North America, socio-geographically belongs to Europe, since it is part of the Kingdom of Denmark).

Ocean:
A part of the World Ocean, a vast, deep, flowing body of saltwater (Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean, Arctic Ocean).

Atlantic Ocean:
It covers 20% of the Earth´s surface, its area is 85.1 million km². It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North, Europe and Africa to the East and the Americas to the West.

Pacific Ocean:
The largest ocean on the Earth, covering 35% of its surface (larger than the total land area). Its area is 168.8 million km². It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Americas to the East, the Southern Ocean to the South, Asia and Australia to the West.

Southern Ocean:
The southernmost part of the World Ocean, bordered to the north by the 60° South latitude. It surrounds Antarctica; its area is 22 million km².

Indian Ocean:
Its area is 70.5 million km² (2.5 times the size of Africa). It is bordered by Asia to the North, the Sunda Islands and Australia to the East, the Southern Ocean to the South and Africa to the West.

Arctic Ocean:
The smallest ocean, its area 15.5 million km². It is almost totally enclosed by continents (Eurasia and North America) and islands. It is separated from the Pacific Ocean by the Bering Strait, from the Atlantic Ocean by the Greenland Sea.

Continents

  • Earth
  • Africa
  • Strait of Gibraltar
  • Mediterranean Sea
  • Gulf of Aden
  • Indian Ocean
  • Suez Canal
  • Red Sea
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Antarctica
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Australia and Oceania
  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Pacific Islands
  • Asia
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Black Sea
  • Caucasus
  • Caspian Sea
  • Ural River
  • Ural Mountains
  • Azerbaijan
  • Georgia
  • Armenia
  • Turkey
  • South America
  • Caribbean Sea
  • North America
  • Europe
  • Bosphorus-Dardanelles
  • Greenland
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • Isthmus of Panama
  • Southern Ocean

Continent:
A large, contiguous area of land surrounded by oceans and seas. The separation of continents is not always obvious, geological and socio-geographical definitions may be different.

Africa:
The second largest continent on Earth, its area is 30.3 million km². It is bordered by the Strait of Gibraltar, Mediterranean Sea to the North; the Gulf of Aden, the Indian Ocean, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the East; and the Atlantic Ocean to the West.

Antarctica:
The fifth largest continent, its area is 13,2 million km². It is surrounded by the Southern Ocean.


Australia and Oceania:
Area: 8,8 million km². Australia, New-Zealand, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific Islands also belong to the continent. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the West, and by the Pacific Ocean in all other directions.

Asia:
The largest continent, its area is 44.4 million km². It covers 8.7% of the Earth´s total surface, and 30% of its land area. Asia and Europe together form the Eurasian supercontinent, Asia occupying 8% of the landmass. It extends about 11,000 km N-S, and 9,000 km E-W.
Asia is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North, The Pacific Ocean and its marginal seas to the East, Australia and Oceania to the South-East, the Indian Ocean to the South, the Red Sea, the Suez Canal, the Mediterranean Sea to the South-West, the Black Sea, the North Caucasus, the Caspian Sea, the Ural river and the Ural Mountains to the West.
However, socio-geographically Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia are often considered as parts of Europe, similarly to Turkey, since its North-western part (beyond the straits) geographically belongs to Europe.

South America:
Its area is 17.84 million km². It is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the North, the Atlantic Ocean to the East, the Pacific Ocean to the West and the Isthmus of Panama to the North-West.

North America:
The third largest continent. Its area is 24.5 million km². It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North, the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea to the East, and the Pacific Ocean to the West.

Europe:
The second smallest continent, its area is 10.4 million km². Asia and Europe together form the Eurasian supercontinent, Europe occupying 1/5 of the landmass. It is bordered by the Arctic sea to the North, the Ural Mountains, the Ural River and the Caspian Sea to the East, the Caucasus and the Black Sea to the South-west, the Mediterranean Sea to the South, the Atlantic Ocean to the West. However, socio-geographically, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia are often considered as parts of Europe, similarly to Turkey, since its North-western part (beyond the straits) geographically belongs to Europe. (Greenland, which geographically belongs to North America, socio-geographically belongs to Europe, since it is part of the Kingdom of Denmark).

Oceans

  • Earth
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Europe
  • Africa
  • South America
  • North America
  • Pacific Ocean
  • Antarctica
  • Asia
  • Australia
  • Indian Ocean
  • Sunda Islands
  • Tasmania
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Bering Strait
  • Greenland Sea
  • Southern Ocean

Ocean:
A part of the World Ocean, a vast, deep, flowing body of saltwater (Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean, Arctic Ocean).

Atlantic Ocean:
It covers 20% of the Earth´s surface, its area is 85.1 million km². It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the North, Europe and Africa to the East and the Americas to the West.

Pacific Ocean:
The largest ocean on the Earth, covering 35% of its surface (larger than the total land area). Its area is 168.8 million km². It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Americas to the East, the Southern Ocean to the South, Asia and Australia to the West.

Southern Ocean:
The southernmost part of the World Ocean, bordered to the north by the 60° South latitude. It surrounds Antarctica; its area is 22 million km².

Indian Ocean:
Its area is 70.5 million km² (2.5 times the size of Africa). It is bordered by Asia to the North, the Sunda Islands and Australia to the East, the Southern Ocean to the South and Africa to the West.

Arctic Ocean:
The smallest ocean, its area is 15.5 million km². It is almost totally enclosed by continents (Eurasia and North America) and islands. It is separated from the Pacific Ocean by the Bering Strait, from the Atlantic Ocean by the Greenland Sea.

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