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Church of St John at Kaneo (Ohrid, 13th c.)

Church of St John at Kaneo (Ohrid, 13th c.)

The Orthodox church, situated on a picturesque cliff, was named after John the Apostle

Visual Arts

Keywords

church, Church of St. John at Kaneo, orthodox, Greek Orthodox Christianity, Byzantine, religion, Lake Ohrid, Macedónia, Balkan Peninsula, Balkans, building, architecture, Middle Ages, medieval, religious centre, 13th century, transept, apse, cross, Greek cross, Christianity, religious buildings, St. John, apostle, history of art, Armenian, history

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Questions

  • In which year did the Great Schism take place?
  • Which term refers to the split of the early Christian Church into the Western and Eastern Christian Churches?
  • What does the Greek word 'orthodoxia' mean?
  • Is it true that Eastern Churches do not recognise papal primacy?
  • Is it true that Eastern Churches do not have a centralised church organisation?
  • How many sacraments are recognised by the Eastern Orthodox Church?
  • Which of the following countries has the smallest Eastern Orthodox population?
  • Which of the following countries has the largest Eastern Orthodox population?
  • On the shore of which lake was the church built?
  • In which country is the Church of St John at Kaneo located?
  • In which century was the Church of St John at Kaneo built?
  • Which saint was the church dedicated to?
  • What is NOT true of Saint John?
  • What is the nickname of the city of Ohrid?
  • What is true of Saint John?
  • What is an apse?
  • What type of cross appears in the floor plan of the church?

Scenes

Church of St John

  • Lake Ohrid - The oldest lake on the Balkan Peninsula, located at the border between Macedonia and Albania.
  • temple - The church was built on a cliff above the lake, probably in the 13th century.

The building

  • stone foundation
  • brick walls - They were adorned with decorative sculptures and carvings.
  • apse - A polygonal termination of the sanctuary.
  • cross - According to various sources, this universal symbol is placed on top of churches since the 6th century.
  • entrance

Top view

  • cross-in-square plan - The dominant architectural form of Byzantine churches. It is the shape of a Greek cross (a cross with arms of equal length).

Animation

  • Lake Ohrid - The oldest lake on the Balkan Peninsula, located at the border between Macedonia and Albania.
  • temple - The church was built on a cliff above the lake, probably in the 13th century.
  • cross-in-square plan - The dominant architectural form of Byzantine churches. It is the shape of a Greek cross (a cross with arms of equal length).

Narration

The Church of St John at Kaneo is a Macedonian Orthodox church dedicated to John of Patmos (often identified as John the Apostle), or John the Theologian, as he is also known in the Orthodox faith.

The church was built at a picturesque location, on a cliff above Lake Ohrid in Macedonia, probably in the 13th century.

It was built on a cross-in-square plan, which is reminiscent of the shape of a Greek cross. The architectural style of the church reflects Byzantine and Armenian influences.
The jewel of the town of Ohrid, which is often referred to as the 'Jerusalem of Macedonia', is one of the most beautiful church buildings in the Balkan region.

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