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Bones of the upper limbs

Bones of the upper limbs

Bones of the upper limbs form the pectoral girdle and the arms.

Biology

Keywords

skeleton, upper limb, limb, human arm, bone, appendicular skeleton, pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle, hand, humerus, ulna, radius, clavicle, shoulder blade, phalanx bones, carpals, metacarpals, joint, bone marrow, anatomy, human, biology

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Scenes

Upper limb

  • clavicle - Also called the collarbone, it is an S-shaped bone connecting the sternum and the shoulder blade.
  • scapula - A triangular bone situated behind the chest cavity. Men usually have larger scapulas than women.
  • humerus - The longest bone of the upper limbs, extending between the shoulder and the elbow.
  • radius - One of the two bones of the forearm, extending from the elbow to the thumb side of the wrist.
  • ulna - The larger of the bones in the forearm, stretching between the elbow and the little finger side of the wrist.
  • bones of the hand

Bones of the pectoral girdle

  • clavicle - Also called the collarbone, it is an S-shaped bone connecting the sternum and the shoulder blade.
  • scapula - A triangular bone situated behind the chest cavity. Men usually have larger scapulas than women.

Humerus

  • humerus - The longest bone of the upper limbs, extending between the shoulder and the elbow.

Ulna

  • ulna - The larger of the bones in the forearm, stretching between the elbow and the little finger side of the wrist.

Radius

  • radius - One of the two bones of the forearm, extending from the elbow to the thumb side of the wrist.

Bones of the hands

  • phalanx bones (14) - There are 14 phalanx bones in one hand.
  • carpals (8) - There are eight carpal bones in one hand, arranged in two rows. These bones form the wrist and provide its flexibility.
  • metacarpals (5) - These are found between the carpals and the phalanx bones. There are five of them in one hand.

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Skeleton and internal organs

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Bones of the lower limbs

Bones of the lower limbs are connected to the trunk by the pelvis.

Human skeleton

Our body´s internal support structure to which skeletal muscles are attached.

Types of bone articulations

Human bones are joined together by cartilaginous or synovial joints, sutures or they can fuse together.

Anatomy of the spinal cord

The spinal cord is the part of the central nervous system running inside the spinal column from which spinal nerves branch out.

Bone structure

This scene explains the structure and functions of the bones.

Human body (male)

This animation introduces the most important organ systems of the human body.

Human muscles

Skeletal muscles form the active part of the locomotor system: they move the bones they are attached to.

Medical conditions of the spine

Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a lateral deviation.

Movements of the head

This animation demonstrates how muscles and vertebrae move the head.

Muscle tissues

The three types of muscle found in the human body are the smooth, the striated and the cardiac muscle.

Muscles of the upper arm

The arms are moved by flexor and extensor muscles.

Parts of the human brain

The main parts of the human brain are the brain stem, the cerebellum, the diencephalon, and the cerebrum, which is divided into lobes.

Patellar reflex

The reflex triggered by the stretching of the thigh extensor muscle is the patellar reflex.

Structure of skeletal muscles

This animation demonstrates the fine molecular structure and mechanism of muscles.

The bones of the thorax

The ribs, the sternum and the spinal column form the skeleton of the chest.

The ear and the mechanism of hearing

The ear converts the vibrations of air into electric signals which are then processed by the brain.

The human brain

The main parts of the human brain are the brain stem, the cerebellum, the diencephalon, and the cerebrum.

Types of synovial joints

Synovial joints can be categorised by the direction of movement they allow.

Knee joint

The knee joint is made up by the femur, the tibia and the kneecap.

The skull and the spine

The two main parts of the central nervous system, the brain and the spinal cord are protected by the skull and the spinal column.

Connective tissues

Connective tissues include loose and dense connective tissues, adipose tissue, blood, tendon and bone tissue.

Handball stadium

Handball is one of the most popular team sports.

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