Your cart is empty

Shop

Quantity: 0

Total: 0,00

0

Battle of Thermopylae (480 BC)

Battle of Thermopylae (480 BC)

The battle of the Greek-Persian War became famous for the heroic sacrifice of the Spartan soldiers.

History

Keywords

Persian Empire, Sparta, Xerxes, Leonidas, Persians, Greek, fight, warfare, Anopaia, city-state, battle, antiquity, Thermopylae, hoplite, phalanx, soldier, Greco-Persian wars, war, history, 5th century BC, Hellas

Related items

Scenes

Straits of Thermopylae

  • Persian camp
  • Immortals
  • Persian fleet
  • Straits of Thermoplyae
  • Anopaia path
  • Phocians
  • Spartans allied Greek forces
  • N

Events of the battle

  • Spartans
  • Allied Greek forces
  • Ephialtes
  • Phocians Spartans allied Greek forces
  • Phocians allied Greek forces

Stage 1

A part of the Persian army arrived at the bay from the sea, the other from the continent. The Persians were slowly getting ready for the battle, hoping that the Greeks would give up when they saw their overwhelming numerical superiority.
The Spartan army, led by King Leonidas blocked the straits of Thermopylae and reinforced the stone walls. Thus they were defending a narrow space, which suited their style of warfare better. The king ordered the Phocians to defend the Anopaia path, which led through the mountains.

Stage 2

The Persian army started the attack against the Greek phalanx. In the first wave the Cissians and Medes attacked, their arrows ‘concealed the Sun.’ However, they could not break the lines of the Greeks. They suffered terrible losses and were forced to retreat.

Stage 3

In the next wave Xerxes sent the Immortals, the Persian elite force against the Greeks. Even they could not beat the Greeks, since the hoplites, equipped with long spears could fight more efficiently in the narrow space. After the huge losses suffered again, Xerxes realised that his war against Hellas was in danger.

Stage 4

A local resident named Ephialtes betrayed the Greeks by offering Xerxes to guide the Persians through a path that led behind the Greek lines. Seeing the Persians on the Anopaia path, the Phocians retreated, and Leonidas ordered the withdrawal of the rest of the Greek army. According to legend, he stayed to form a rearguard with 300 Spartans and the Thebans, all of whom were killed. Their sacrifice was not in vain: they won time for the polises to get ready for the Persian attack.

Narration

Stage 1

A part of the Persian army arrived at the bay from the sea, the other from the continent. The Persians were slowly getting ready for the battle, hoping that the Greeks would give up when they saw their overwhelming numerical superiority.
The Spartan army, led by King Leonidas blocked the straits of Thermopylae and reinforced the stone walls. Thus they were defending a narrow space, which suited their style of warfare better. The king ordered the Phocians to defend the Anopaia path, which led through the mountains.

Stage 2

The Persian army started the attack against the Greek phalanx. In the first wave the Cissians and Medes attacked, their arrows ‘concealed the Sun.’ However, they could not break the lines of the Greeks. They suffered terrible losses and were forced to retreat.

Stage 3

In the next wave Xerxes sent the Immortals, the Persian elite force against the Greeks. Even they could not beat the Greeks, since the hoplites, equipped with long spears could fight more efficiently in the narrow space. After the huge losses suffered again, Xerxes realised that his war against Hellas was in danger.

Stage 4

A local resident named Ephialtes betrayed the Greeks by offering Xerxes to guide the Persians through a path that led behind the Greek lines. Seeing the Persians on the Anopaia path, the Phocians retreated, and Leonidas ordered the withdrawal of the rest of the Greek army. According to legend, he stayed to form a rearguard with 300 Spartans and the Thebans, all of whom were killed. Their sacrifice was not in vain: they won time for the polises to get ready for the Persian attack.

Related items

Battle of Alesia (52 BC)

The Gaul city Alesia, which was defended by Vercingetorix, was besieged by the Roman...

Ancient Roman siege engines

Ancient Roman conquerors had effective siege engines developed for attacking fortifications.

Granary in the Indus Valley

Ancient Indians built huge, naturally ventilated storehouses.

Ancient Roman senator with his wife

Senators, being members of the highest social class of ancient Rome, wore togas with...

Persian pontoon bridge (5th century BC)

King Darius as well as Xerxes built pontoon bridges across the Bosphorus for the Persian...

Ancient Roman infantry tactics

Members of the ancient Roman Legions were the masters of military tactics.

Ancient Greek merchant ship

Ancient Greeks became the ‘carters of the sea’ thanks to their advanced sailing ships.

Roman gladiators (2nd century)

Gladiators were combatants who entertained audiences in fights against each other or wild...

Added to your cart.