Your cart is empty

Shop

Quantity: 0

Total: 0,00

0

Battle of Issus (333 BC)

Battle of Issus (333 BC)

The battle ended with the overwhelming victory of the Macedonian army over the Persian army led by Darius III.

History

Keywords

Issus, Battle of Issus, Alexander the Great, Darius III, Darius, Alexander III, battle, Persian Empire, army, military history, Persian, Macedonian, Pinarus, heavy infantry, light infantry, mercenary, warfare, king, battle order, tactics, cavalry, antiquity, history

Related items

Scenes

Issus

Persian army

  • N
  • cavalry
  • heavy infantry
  • light infantry
  • Greek mercenaries
  • Persian infantry

Macedonian army

  • N
  • cavalry
  • heavy infantry
  • light infantry
  • Greek mercenaries
  • Persian infantry

Events of the battle

  • N
  • cavalry
  • heavy infantry
  • light infantry
  • Greek mercenaries
  • Persian infantry

Narration

Stage 1

Darius III and his army were located in the easternmost bay of the Mediterranean Sea. As usual, the Persian king positioned himself behind a centre reinforced by Greek mercenaries and he sent a unit to the other side of the Pinarus River. The location was not favourable for him, but for the smaller Macedonian army. The narrow area between the Issus bay and the surrounding mountains ideally matched Alexander’s strategy. As planned, he marched with his army to the other side of the Pinarus River, where he deployed his troops.

Stage 2

Before the battle, Darius decided to call back his unit located across the river, while Alexander reorganised his cavalry to protect the left flank. The battle was fought on rough terrain. The heavy infantry of the Macedonian right flank crossed the Pinarus River and pushed back the Persian left flank. A bitter struggle broke out at the centre and near the bay. The Persians were superior on rough terrain, so the Macedonian army was split. Both sides suffered great losses.

Stage 3

The battle took a favourable turn for the Macedonian troops when the heavy infantry soldiers who had scattered the Persian left flank attacked the advancing Persian centre from the side. Thus, in all flanks, the Macedonians were decisively superior. The Persian army broke up, the disorganised soldiers fled in full rout, and so did their king. Only after all his units were safe, did Alexander order the carnage that would follow.

Related items

Macedonian phalangite (4th century BC)

Soldiers of the ancient Macedonian Kingdom were dreaded warriors.

Persian warrior (5th century BC)

The excellent archers were feared members of the Persian army

Greek and Macedonian phalanx formation

The phalanx formation was a military formation of the Greek heavy infantry.

Persian monarch (5th century BC)

Ancient Persian monarchs were famous for the size of their empire and their wealth.

The Macedonian Empire

The legendary ruler and military leader, Alexander the Great, established a vast empire.

Ancient Indian war elephant

Ancient Indian war elephants were used as ´tanks´ in battles.

Battle of Zama (202 BC)

Scipio’s Roman army defeated Hannibal’s Punic army in the battle fought during the 2nd Punic war in Africa.

Legendary ancient empires

Numerous legendary empires were built (and destroyed) in the course of history.

Macedonian siege tower (4th century BC)

The army of Alexander the Great successfully deployed siege towers in its attacks against fortifications.

The Battle of Gaugamela (331 BC)

The battle, that is considered to be a tactical masterpiece, meant a decisive victory for Alexander the Great against Persia.

Battle of Marathon (490 BC)

The marathon running event was instituted in commemoration of the run of a Greek soldier after the Battle of Marathon, fought between the Athenian and the...

Battle of Thermopylae (480 BC)

The battle of the Greek-Persian War became famous for the heroic sacrifice of the Spartan soldiers.

Historical topography (battles, universal history)

Place the sites of notable battles in history on a blank map.

Persian pontoon bridge (5th century BC)

King Darius as well as Xerxes built pontoon bridges across the Bosphorus for the Persian army.

Added to your cart.