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Caliphs, considered successors of the Prophet Muhammad, were the most important religious leaders of Islam.
Arab caliph, caliph, Muhammad, religious leader, Islam, Arabic, church, religion, Middle Ages, clothing, place of residence
The most important weapons of medieval Arab warriors were the bow and the sword.
The seminomadic lifestyle of the Bedouin adapted to the climatic and environmental conditions of the desert.
Its architectural solutions and ornamentation rank this mosque among the masterpieces of Islamic art.
Located in the Grand Mosque of Makkah, the Kaaba shrine is the most sacred site of Islam.
Numerous legendary empires were built (and destroyed) in the course of history.
The Emperor of the vast Far-Eastern empire was the lord of life and death.
The round tower of the largest fort in the Arabian Peninsula had an ingenious defence system.
The name of this magnificent palace complex originates in Arabic and means 'the red one'.
A medieval glider constructed by Abbas Ibn Firnas.
The medieval Arab inventor, Hassan Al Rammah designed the world's first operating torpedo.
The ingenius water pump designed by Al-Jazari is a great example of the creativity of Medieval Arab engineers.
Egyptian Pharaohs were respected as gods, they were lords of life and death.
Maharajas were Hindu rulers of large regions of India.
The ruler of the vast Mongol Empire was the Khan.
The leader of the Ottoman Empire was the Sultan, the lord of life and death.
The palace of Charlemagne was not only the centre of his empire, but also a centre of culture.
Medieval Syrian water wheels were used to convey water to distant areas.
The best-known piece of the Hungarian Crown Jewels is the Holy Crown.
The largest type of Arab sailboat, most commonly used as trading vessels in the Persian Gulf.