Altitudinal zonation

In mountainous areas the climate, soil properties, the flora and fauna change depending on elevation.

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Aeolian landforms in deserts

Wind, as an external force, plays an important role in shaping deserts.

The Gregorian calendar

Developed nearly 500 years ago, it is a variant of the Julian calendar. Today it is the most...

Loess

It is a sedimentary rock made up of loosely structured, rough grains of rock.

Natural gas and petroleum

Natural gas and petroleum are among the most important sources of energy and raw materials today.

Climate zones

The Earth is divided into geographical and climatic zones, which result in the zonation...

Tectonic plates

Tectonic plates can move in relation to each other.

Milky Way

The diameter of our galaxy is about 100,000 light years; it contains more than 100...

Mediterranean climate

It is characterised by dry, hot summers and mild winters.

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