Altitudinal zonation

In mountainous areas the climate, soil properties, the flora and fauna change depending on elevation.

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Mediterranean climate

It is characterised by dry, hot summers and mild winters.

Carbon cycle

Carbon is bound in organic substances during photosynthesis, while during breathing, it...

The subtropics

The subtropics are located between the tropical and temperate zones, between 23.5° and 40°...

Karstification

The dissolution of limestone results in the development of karst formations.

The Earth’s magnetic field

The Earth’s magnetic North and South poles are located near the geographic North and...

The Gregorian calendar

Developed nearly 500 years ago, it is a variant of the Julian calendar. Today it is the most...

Layers of the ocean

Physical properties, as well as the flora and fauna of the ocean change with depth.

The water cycle (intermediate)

Water on Earth is in a continuous state of change. The water cycle includes processes...

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