Altitudinal zonation

In mountainous areas the climate, soil properties, the flora and fauna change depending on elevation.

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Mountain climate zones

The decisive factor that determines the climate zones of mountains is the altitude above sea level.

Glacier (intermediate)

A glacier is a large body of ice that forms from snow, and is in constant, slow motion.

The weather forecast

The weather can be forecast with different meteorological instruments.

The development of lakes

Standing bodies of water can form in depressions on the surface by both endogenic and exogenic...


The circumference of the Earth has already been calculated in ancient Egypt. The calculations...

Mediterranean climate

It is characterised by dry, hot summers and mild winters.

Carbon cycle

Carbon is bound in organic substances during photosynthesis, while during breathing, it is...

Wind at the beach

Sea and land breeze form because of the differing warming of land and sea.

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