Altitudinal zonation

In mountainous areas the climate, soil properties, the flora and fauna change depending on elevation.

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Waterfalls form where the river flows over a steep precipice in its course.

Ocean currents

The Great ocean conveyor is a planet-wide system of ocean currents, which has a great influence...

Mountain climate zones

The decisive factor that determines the climate zones of mountains is the altitude above sea level.

Taiga climate

Among the climate zones with the greatest extremes, the taiga only formed in the Northern...

The rock cycle

Due to the effect of both exogenic and endogenic forces, rocks constantly change. This is called...

Terms of physical geography

This animation demonstrates the most important relief features, surface waters and their...


The rise and drop of sea levels caused by the gravitational force of the Moon.

Snow line

Above a certain altitude snow does not melt, not even in summer.

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