Altitudinal zonation

In mountainous areas the climate, soil properties, the flora and fauna change depending on elevation.

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Karst region (basic)

Karst formations include dolines and dripstones.

Folding (advanced)

Lateral compressive forces cause rocks to form folds. This is how fold mountains are formed.

Solar eclipse and lunar eclipse

We can observe quite interesting astronomical phenomena when the Earth, the Sun and the Moon align.

Faulting (intermediate)

Vertical forces can break up layers of rock into fault blocks, which then move vertically along...

The path of bauxite

Bauxite is a raw material in aluminium production. Watch this video to learn how the well-known...

The rock cycle

Due to the effect of both exogenic and endogenic forces, rocks constantly change. This is called...

Wind at the beach

Sea and land breeze form because of the differing warming of land and sea.

Glacier (intermediate)

A glacier is a large body of ice that forms from snow, and is in constant, slow motion.

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